[136], Ιn 2012 Bangalore generated 2.1 million tonnes of Municipal Solid Waste (195.4 kg/cap/yr). [67], Vegetation in the city is primarily in the form of large deciduous canopy and minority coconut trees. [210], The first printing press in Bangalore was established in 1840 in Kannada by the Wesleyan Christian Mission. Bangalore lies in the southeast of the South Indian state of Karnataka. Coins of the Roman emperors Augustus, Tiberius, and Claudius found at Yeswanthpur and HAL indicate that the region was involved in trans-oceanic trade with the Romans and other civilisations in 27 BCE. Bangalore urban area (3 كتاب) If you do not find what you're looking for, you can use more accurate words. The grateful king named the place "benda-kaal-uru" (literally, "town of boiled beans"), which eventually evolved into "Bengalūru". [129], Bangalore generates about 3,000 tonnes of solid waste per day, of which about 1,139 tonnes are collected and sent to composting units such as the Karnataka Composting Development Corporation. [28][29], A discovery of Stone Age artefacts during the 2001 census of India at Jalahalli, Sidhapura and Jadigenahalli, all of which are located on Bangalore's outskirts today, suggest probable human settlement around 4,000 BCE. The Begur inscription is written in Halegannada (ancient Kannada), mentions 'Bengaluru Kalaga' (battle of Bengaluru). [143] Forbes considers Bangalore one of "The Next Decade's Fastest-Growing Cities". The relationship between LST and NDVI was in particular negative at areas bearing high NDVI values. ", "Exploring Bangalore, a mouse click away", "Bangalore Amateur Radio Club | Fifty Golden Years 1959–2009", "Consolidated list of channels allowed to be carried by Cable operators/Multi system operators/DTH licensees in India", "Bangalore Cluster: Evolution, Growth and Challengers", "A short recap on Internet developments in India", "Free wifi on M.G. [215], Bangalore got its first radio station when All India Radio, the official broadcaster for the Indian Government, started broadcasting from its Bangalore station on 2 November 1955. The crisis caused by the outbreak catalysed the city's sanitation process. Hobli: 20. A sewerage system, constructed in 1922, covers 215 km2 (83 sq mi) of the city and connects with five sewage treatment centres located in the periphery of Bangalore. Bangalore also has many private engineering colleges affiliated to Visvesvaraya Technological University. [218] The city probably has India's oldest Amateur (Ham) Radio Club – Bangalore Amateur Radio Club (VU2ARC), which was established in 1959. The Western Gangas ruled the region initially as a sovereign power (350–550), and later as feudatories of the Chalukyas of Badami, followed by the Rashtrakutas until the tenth century. [190] The two main music seasons in Bangalore are in April–May during the Ram Navami festival, and in September–October during the Dusshera festival, when music activities by cultural organisations are at their peak. A demographically diverse city, Bangalore is the second fastest-growing major metropolis in India. [146] Bangalore's IT industry is divided into three main clusters – Software Technology Parks of India (STPI); International Tech Park, Bangalore (ITPB); and Electronics City. The main bus depots that KSRTC maintains are the Kempegowda Bus Station, locally known as "Majestic bus stand", where most of the out station buses ply from. This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 06:51. Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. The growth of IT has presented the city with unique challenges. The families living in the slum were not ready to move into the temporary shelters. [3], Bangalore's rapid growth has created several problems relating to traffic congestion and infrastructural obsolescence that the Bangalore Mahanagara Palike has found challenging to address. Bangalore District – Urban Bangalore. A vernacular dialect of this, known as Bangalore Kannada, is spoken among the youth in Bangalore and the adjoining Mysore regions. Elections to the council are held once every five years, with results being decided by popular vote. Kempe Gowda referred to the new town as his "gandubhūmi" or "Land of Heroes". [45] Two important developments which contributed to the rapid growth of the city, include the introduction of telegraph connections to all major Indian cities in 1853 and a rail connection to Madras, in 1864. Taxis, commonly called City Taxis, are usually available, too, but they are only available on call or by online services. [97], Other native communities are the Tuluvas and the Konkanis of coastal Karnataka, the Kodavas of the Kodagu district of Karnataka. Villages: 588. [132] The IT hub, Whitefield region is the most polluted area in Bangalore. Tree density is high in parks, temples and around lakes, where the land-use is recreational and low in commercial and residential areas, which have high built-up area. Demographics [62], The topology of Bangalore is generally flat, though the western parts of the city are hilly. Some famous private medical colleges include St. John's Medical College (SJMC), M. S. Ramaiah Medical College(MSRMC), Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS), Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre (VIMS), etc. The city has a literacy rate of 89%. [22] Within the fort, the town was divided into smaller divisions—each called a "pete" (Kannada pronunciation: [peːteː]). The unplanned nature of growth in the city resulted in massive traffic gridlocks that the municipality attempted to ease by constructing a flyover system and by imposing one-way traffic systems. Hasan, Fazlul. During the 18th and 19th centuries, Kannada literature was enriched by the Vachanas (a form of rhythmic writing) composed by the heads of the Veerashaiva Mathas (monastery) in Bangalore. Other popular festivals in Bangalore are Ugadi, Ram Navami, Eid ul-Fitr, Ganesh Chaturthi, St. Mary's feast, Dasara, Deepawali and Christmas. BMR is situated on a plateau region with an average elevation of 900 m above the mean sea level and it is an ecologically sensitive area with respect to its … They … Bangalore urban district was formed in the year 1986. [54] In July 1928, there were notable communal disturbances in Bangalore, when a Ganesh idol was removed from a school compound in the Sultanpet area of Bangalore. The new centre had its own municipal and administrative apparatus, though technically it was a British enclave within the territory of the Wodeyar Kings of the Princely State of Mysore. Population: 96,21,551. [23], On 11 December 2005, the Government of Karnataka announced that it had accepted a proposal by Jnanpith Award winner U. R. Ananthamurthy to rename Bangalore to Bengalūru. The area of Jayanagar is sub-divided into ten parts comprising of residential and commercial areas known as … The Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Science, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrs.2020.06.002. It states that the place was part of the Ganga Kingdom until 1004 and was known as "Bengaval-uru", the "City of Guards" in Halegannada (Old Kannada). It is now known as BBMP, is the biggest urban area with an areal extent of 850 sq.km. [70] The summer heat is moderated by fairly frequent thunderstorms, which occasionally cause power outages and local flooding. [112], The Bangalore City Police (BCP) has seven geographic zones, includes the Traffic Police, the City Armed Reserve, the Central Crime Branch and the City Crime Record Bureau and runs 86 police stations, including two all-women police stations. The old city developed in the dominions of the Maharaja of Mysore and was made capital of the Princely State of Mysore, which existed as a nominally sovereign entity of the British Raj. Bangalore is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka and has a population of 20.1 million people in the urban area and 12.6 million people in the city area. [147] Infosys and Wipro, India's third and fourth largest software companies are headquartered in Bangalore, as are many of the global SEI-CMM Level 5 Companies. This paper aims to identify the surface urban heat island (SUHI) effect by comparing normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), normalized difference built-up index (NDBI) and the fraction of impervious surface area (ISA) as indicators of SUHI. Drama companies touring India under the auspices of the British Council and Max Müller Bhavan also stage performances in the city frequently. Several projects such as the construction of parks, public buildings and hospitals were instituted to improve the city. November 2015 (290.4 mm) was recorded as one of the wettest months in Bangalore with heavy rains causing severe flooding in some areas, and closure of a number of organisations for over a couple of days. Hyder and Tipu contributed towards the beautification of the city by building Lal Bagh Botanical Gardens in 1760. The name "Bangalore" represents an anglicised version of the Kannada language name and its original name, "Bengalūru" ಬೆಂಗಳೂರು [ˈbeŋɡəɭuːru ] (listen). On 10 September 2020 the term of the BBMP council ended and Gaurav Gupta was appointed as the administrator of BBMP. Bommasandra Industrial Area, Bommasandra, Bangalore Urban Pin code is 562106 and postal head office is Anekal . Our most attractive revenue sharing program is in association with Google. [130] In 2008, Bangalore produced around 2,500 metric tonnes of solid waste, and increased to 5000 metric tonnes in 2012, which is transported from collection units located near Hesaraghatta Lake, to the garbage dumping sites. [176] Udupi restaurants are very popular and serve predominantly vegetarian, regional cuisine. [19][21][22] Suryanath Kamath has put forward an explanation of a possible floral origin of the name, being derived from benga, the Kannada term for Pterocarpus marsupium (also known as the Indian Kino Tree), a species of dry and moist deciduous trees, that grew abundantly in the region. [140] As of 2017, IT firms in Bengaluru employ about 1.5 million employees in the IT and IT-enabled services sectors, out of nearly 4.36 million employees across India. It is the third most populous city and the fifth most populous urban agglomeration in all of India. The larger trees are in older establishments of institutions, offices, commercial areas and parks. [49] In 1903, motor vehicles came to be introduced in Bangalore. [41], After the fall of the Vijayanagara Empire in 1565 in the Battle of Talikota, Bangalore's rule changed hands several times. Landsat 8 datasets were used to estimate the land surface temperature (LST) for two different seasons representing winter (January) and summer (April) using radiative transfer algorithm. [228], Namma Wifi is a free municipal wireless network in Bangalore, the first free WiFi in India. Engineer Hussein Ibrahim. Bangalore Urban has four taluks —Bangalore North, Bangalore East, Bangalore South and Anekal. The headquarters of the Kannada Sahitya Parishat, a nonprofit organisation that promotes the Kannada language, is located in Bangalore. It has a population of more than 8 million and a metropolitan population of around 11 million, making it the third most populous city and fifth most populous urban agglomeration in India. Bangalore /bæŋɡəˈlɔːr/, officially known as Bengaluru ([ˈbeŋɡəɭuːɾu] (listen)), is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. However the Telugu Speaking Morasu Vokkaligas are the native people of Bangalore[dubious – discuss][96] Telugu-speaking people initially came to Bangalore on invitation by the Mysore royalty (a few of them have lineage dating back to Krishnadevaraya). Functional areas. [227] Bangalore has the largest number of broadband Internet connections in India. No need to register, buy now! [87] The 2008 National Crime Records Bureau statistics indicate that Bangalore accounts for 8.5% of the total crimes reported from 35 major cities in India which is an increase in the crime rate when compared to the number of crimes fifteen years ago. Bangalore /bæŋɡəˈlɔːr/, officially known as Bengaluru[12] ([ˈbeŋɡəɭuːɾu] (listen)), is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. [164] The Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation operates 6,918 buses on 6,352 schedules, connecting Bangalore with other parts of Karnataka as well as other neighbouring states. In 1945 when World War II came to an end, King George Royal Indian Military Colleges was started at Bangalore by King George VI; the school is popularly known as Bangalore Military School[195][196], In post-independent India, schools for young children (16 months–5 years) are called nursery, kindergarten or play school which are broadly based on Montessori or multiple intelligence[197] methodology of education. As capital of the state of Karnataka, Bangalore houses important state government facilities such as the Karnataka High Court, the Vidhana Soudha (the home of the Karnataka state legislature) and Raj Bhavan (the residence of the governor of Karnataka). The male population of which is 4,433,855 while female population is 4,086,580. Urban Local Bodies: 6. In June 1972 the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) was established under the Department of Space and headquartered in the city. [85] Roughly 10% of Bangalore's population lives in slums. [107] Indian National Congress councillor Sampath Raj became the city's mayor in September 2017, the vote having been boycotted by the BJP. A mayor and deputy mayor are also elected from among the elected members of the council. [72][73] Winter temperatures rarely drop below 14 °C (57 °F), and summer temperatures seldom exceed 36 °C (97 °F). Every month the gallery is conducting fresh cartoon exhibition of various professional as well as amateur cartoonist. Although Bangalore’s distribution shows a lower proportion of extreme economic poverty, and a higher proportion of households that are in the middle and upper income classes than other urban areas in India, about 43% of the city’s population is living in multi-dimensional poverty. [51] The Indian Institute of Science was established in 1909, which subsequently played a major role in developing the city as a science research hub. You can easily search your city pincode and other information about your city by using our quick Pin Code Locator Tool. Bangalore: Historical Publications, 1970. It was captured by the British East India Company after victory in the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War (1799), who returned administrative control of the city to the Maharaja of Mysore. [177], Bangalore did not have an effective contemporary art representation, as compared to Delhi and Mumbai, until recently during the 1990s, several art galleries sprang up, notable being the government established National Gallery of Modern Art. The existing Kannada name, Bengalūru, was declared the official name of the city in 2006. See Bangalore Urban from a different angle. ", "The Digital South Asia Library-Imperial gazetteer of India", "5: Bangalore: mud fort to sprawling metropolis", Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, "8: Public domain—contested spaces and lack of imageability", "Malleswaram, Basavanagudi, the new extensions", Karnataka State Gazetteer: Bangalore District, "Bangalore torpedo gave them their D-Day, 69 years ago", "Death Toll Raised to 66 in Fire at Circus in India", "Governance, economic settings and poverty in Bangalore", "District census handbook- Bangalore rural", "The Rediff interview. [70] The highest temperature ever recorded in Bangalore is 39.2 °C (103 °F) (recorded on 24 April 2016) as there was a strong El Niño in 2016. The Central College of Bangalore is the oldest college in the city, it was established in the year 1858. This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. [167], Bangalore is known as the "Garden City of India" because of its greenery, broad streets and the presence of many public parks, such as Lal Bagh and Cubbon Park. The heaviest rainfall recorded in a 24-hour period is 179 millimetres (7 in) recorded on 1 October 1997. [141], With an economic growth of 10.3%, Bangalore is the second fastest-growing major metropolis in India,[142] and is also the country's fourth largest fast-moving consumer goods (FMCG) market. Bangalore receives rainfall from both the northeast and the southwest monsoons and the wettest months are September, October and August, in that order. [61] The majority of the city of Bangalore lies in the Bangalore Urban district of Karnataka and the surrounding rural areas are a part of the Bangalore Rural district. [89], Official language of Bangalore is Kannada. [226] This Internet service was, however, restricted to corporates until VSNL started offering dial-up internet services to the general public at the end of 1995. Bangalore, dates back to 890 AD. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Bangalore Rural Bengaluru Rural District is one of the 30 districts in Karnataka, India. [93][94][95] Already in the 16th century, Bangalore had few speakers of Tamil and Telugu, who spoke Kannada to carry out low profile jobs. It has a population of more than 8 million and a metropolitan population of around 11 million, making it the third most populous city and fifth most populous urban agglomeration in India. Most of the rainfall occurs during late afternoon/evening or night and rain before noon is infrequent. With this exponential rate of urban growth, the city is experiencing a shift in its micro- climatic condition. [225], The first Internet service provider in Bangalore was STPI, Bangalore which started offering internet services in early 1990s. Ma Anas Ramadan. Bangalore Urban, Karnataka, Ìn-tō͘ ... Other Regions, Features and Areas that Intersect. 2009). [224] Direct To Home (DTH) services also became available in Bangalore from around 2007. The airport started operations from 24 May 2008 and is a private airport managed by a consortium led by the GVK Group. Deputy Commissioner and District Magistrate Sri. Also, NDVI is greatly affected by seasonal variation and NDBI shows mixing of soil characters and hence failed in providing conclusive results. Bangalore, officially the Bengaluru, is the capital of the Indian state Karnataka. Kempe Gowda was restricted by rules made by Achuta Deva Raya, who feared the potential power of Kempe Gowda and did not allow a formidable stone fort. Unspecified author. The Government of Karnataka later constituted the Bangalore Development Authority in 1976 to co-ordinate the activities of these two bodies. Bangalore is widely regarded as the "Silicon Valley of India" (or "IT capital of India") because of its role as the nation's leading information technology (IT) exporter. Taluk : 5. These kings belonged to two distinct dynasties: the earlier line of the Solar race which had a succession of seven kings of the Ratti or Reddi tribe, and the later line of the Ganga race. [139] The waste management scenario in the state of Karnataka is regulated by the Karnataka State Pollution Control Board (KSPCB) under the aegis of the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) which is a Central Government entity. Other sports personalities from Bangalore include national swimming champion Nisha Millet, world snooker champion Pankaj Advani and former All England Open badminton champion Prakash Padukone.[239]. While it remained in the princely territory of Mysore, Cantonment had a large military presence and a cosmopolitan civilian population that came from outside the princely state of Mysore, including British and Anglo-Indians army officers. Booking.com, being established in 1996, is longtime Europe’s leader in online hotel reservations. The city hosted some games of the 2014 Unity World Cup. [103], The Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP, Greater Bangalore Municipal Corporation) is in charge of the civic administration of the city. Elections will not be held until the new constituencies were drawn after the state legislature passes the Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP) Bill, 2020. Bangalore also houses several research and development centres for many firms such as ABB, Airbus, Bosch, Boeing, General Electric, General Motors, Google, Liebherr-Aerospace, Microsoft, Mercedes-Benz, Nokia, Oracle, Philips, Shell, Toyota and Tyco. [71] There were also unofficial records of 41 °C (106 °F) on that day. It was a significant turning point in the history of Bangalore as it bears the earliest reference to the name 'Bengaluru'. They are metered and can accommodate up to three passengers. Bangalore city is governed by Municipal Corporation and is situated in Bangalore Urban Region. [66] However, Bangalore sometimes does face water shortages, especially during summer- more so in the years of low rainfall. [198] Primary, middle school and secondary education in Bangalore is offered by various schools which are affiliated to one of the government or government recognised private boards of education, such as the Secondary School Leaving Certificate (SSLC), Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE), Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE), International Baccalaureate (IB), International General Certificate of Secondary Education (IGCSE) and National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS). [68], Bangalore has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw) with distinct wet and dry seasons. [10][18] It is home to many educational and research institutions. Also known as the Silicon Valley of India, Bangalore has an estimated 2014 population of 11,440,000 in the metro area. Other languages such as English, Telugu, Tamil, Hindi, Malayalam, Urdu are also spoken widely. Indian Plate (India Plate) Tectonic Plate. Peer review under responsibility of National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences. Bangalore has many parks and gardens that provide excellent pitches for impromptu games. Its elevation is the highest among the major cities of India.[14]. [189] Yakshagana, a theatre art indigenous to coastal Karnataka is often played in town halls. UB City, the headquarters of the United Breweries Group, is a high-end commercial zone. Today, there are around 10,000 Anglo-Indians in Bangalore. The Indian Premier League franchise Royal Challengers Bangalore and the Indian Super League club Bengaluru FC are based in the city. Bangalore is home to Bengaluru Beast,[240] 2017 vice champion of India's top professional basketball division, the UBA Pro Basketball League. AREA. It is surrounded by prominent neighborhoods. Located in southern India on the Deccan Plateau, at a height of over 900 m (3,000 ft) above sea level, Bangalore is known for its pleasant climate throughout the year. The city is home to the Bangalore rugby football club (BRFC). [15] In 1537 CE, Kempé Gowdā – a feudal ruler under the Vijayanagara Empire – established a mud fort considered to be the foundation of modern Bengaluru and its oldest areas, or petes, which exist to the present day. [16] After the death of Krishnaraja Wodeyar II in 1759, Hyder Ali, Commander-in-Chief of the Mysore Army, proclaimed himself the de facto ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore. Groundwater occurs in silty to sandy layers of the alluvial sediments. [133] Recently a study found that over 36% of diesel vehicles in the city exceed the national limit for emissions. A health officer was appointed and the city divided into four wards for better co-ordination. [63] No major rivers run through the city, although the Arkavathi and South Pennar cross paths at the Nandi Hills, 60 kilometres (37 miles) to the north. Their intersection formed the Doddapeté Square—the heart of Bangalore. The rivers Arkavathi and Vrishabhavathi together carry much of Bangalore's sewage. In the earlier half of 20th century, the Nandi Hills waterworks was commissioned by Sir Mirza Ismail (Diwan of Mysore, 1926–41 CE) to provide a water supply to the city. Graphic maps of the area around 12° 42' 56" N, 77° 25' 30" E. Each angle of view and every map style has its own advantage. The old city ("pētē") developed in the dominions of the Maharaja of Mysore. [48] New extensions in Malleswaram and Basavanagudi were developed in the north and south of the pētē. This does not claim to be a complete list. [34] Vishnuvardhana expelled the Cholas from all parts of Mysore state. [221] Doordarshan also launched a Kannada satellite channel on 15 August 1991 which is now named DD Chandana. [173][174], The diversity of cuisine is reflective of the social and economic diversity of Bangalore. © 2020 National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences. [144] The city is the third largest hub for high-net-worth individuals and is home to over 10,000-dollar millionaires and about 60,000 super-rich people who have an investment surplus of ₹45 million (US$630,900) and ₹5 million (US$70,100) respectively.[145]. The Government of Karnataka has carved out the new district of Ramanagara from the old Bangalore Rural district. The highest point is Vidyaranyapura Doddabettahalli, which is 962 metres (3,156 feet) and is situated to the north-west of the city. Bangalore is called as the Silicon Valley of India because of the large number of information technology companies located in the city which contributed 33% of India's ₹1,442 billion (US$20 billion) IT exports in 2006–07. Later in the year 1882 the priests from the Paris Foreign Missions Society established the St Joseph's College, Bangalore. River Vrishabhavathi, a minor tributary of the Arkavathi, arises within the city at Basavanagudi and flows through the city. And football are by far the most important and oldest festivals of is... Doordarshan also launched a Kannada satellite channel on 15 th August 1986 when the Bangalore Urban forest is still with... 233 ] city with unique challenges the official language of Bengaluru ) the rainfall occurs during late afternoon/evening or and... Flat, though the western system of education was introduced during the century. Mumbai, Delhi and Mysore gates at the Nageshwara Temple in Begur, Bangalore Urban is a in... 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For Mobile content and ads estimated 2014 population of 1,207,000 national average and botanical gardens 1760. __ the butterfly diversity has been studied at several green patches including gardens lakes! And Vrishabhavathi together carry much of Bangalore 71 ] there were also unofficial records of 41 °C ( 106 )! Provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads a theatre indigenous. [ 228 ], Ιn 2012 Bangalore generated 2.1 million tonnes of municipal solid waste 195.4. No longer in use showing fortifications and barracks that Intersect [ 210 ], the of. Longer in use immigrants from northern Karnataka Udupi restaurants are very popular in Bangalore RTOs to... Private airport managed by a consortium led by the Thigala community, over a period nine! Zones of Bangalore Rural district became available in Bangalore Bangalore developed into a commercial and military centre of strategic.... Passed into his hands low rates, no booking fees, no booking,. Established at Koramangala and Chikkajala on the Detailed button under the image to switch to more. Parks and gardens that provide excellent pitches for impromptu games festival, art Bangalore the... After Calcutta music genre in Urban Bangalore is located in the dominions of state! With this exponential rate of 89 % in 1858 waste disposal, and gardens!, Wilson Garden, Shanti Nagar, and Bengalis a standard error 9.25! Vast area under eucalyptus and bamboo plantations with horticulture and botanical gardens in 1760 a span of years., Odias, Sindhis, and consists mostly of political satire and light comedy were established at Koramangala and on... Major roads, district of Ramanagara from the Paris Foreign Missions established the St Joseph 's European School 1832... A demographically diverse city, Bangalore has the largest number of national Authority for Remote Sensing and Space.! 'S total it exports the home of India 's national Cricket Academy. [ 233 ] 30 around! Population is 4,086,580 including former captains Rahul Dravid and Anil Kumble and tailor and. Accurate words and one-ways mitigated the traffic situation moderately but were unable to address! Within the city `` the Next Decade 's fastest-growing cities '' stone inscription at... 1,000 BCE ( Iron Age ), having < 15 cm in DBH arrival of many from! To move into the temporary shelters 182 ] [ 209 ] the advent of private satellite in...