and thou hast not labored." Commentary: "He that has an ear, let him hear" comes from a command from the Gospels (Matthew 11:15, Mark 4:9, Luke 9:8) and is repeated later in Revelation 13:9 means that everyone reading or hearing this message should strive to understand it and take action to come into compliance with God's wishes. Behold--calling attention to her awful doom to come. When a couple is close, they often have “pet names” for each other. Three more such letters are in Revelation 3. The Ephesian Church ( Revelation 2:6 ) had this point of superiority to Pergamos. of her fornication . a. Fear none, &c.--the oldest manuscripts read, "Fear not those things," &c. "The Captain of our salvation never keeps back what those who faithfully witness for Him may have to bear for His name's sake; never entices recruits by the promise they shall find all things easy and pleasant there" [TRENCH]. It is as if your “reservation” in heaven is made. Sardis and Laodicea receive almost solely censure. d. You have those there… you also have those: The rebuke was not only against those who hold the doctrines of Balaam and those who hold the doctrine of the Nicolaitans. He acted, through Jewish accusers against Christ and His people. the first . . In that day, righteousness will be enforced, and those who rebel against Jesus will be dashed to pieces like a clay pot hit with an iron bar. A painter might find work in pagan temples or a sculptor might be hired to make a statue of a pagan god. Revelation 2:1-7 What John was commanded to write in commendation or reproof to the angels of the churches of Ephesus, Revelation 2:8-11 Smyrna, Revelation 2:12-17 Pergamos, Revelation 2:18-29 Thyatira. Kings’ crowns are so weighty with cares, that oft they make their heads ache. But--How graciously, after necessary censure, He returns to praise for our consolation, and as an example to us, that we would show, when we reprove, we have more pleasure in praising than in fault-finding. This promise is for those who overcome the threat of persecution, and the presence of persecution. With the “synagogue of Satan” here, compare “the throne of Satan” (Revelation 2:13), “the depths of Satan” (Revelation 2:24). The full manifestation shall be at His coming. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. i. Compare Revelation 2:14 Revelation 2:15 , which shows the true sense of Nicolaitanes; they are not a sect, but professing Christians who, like Balaam of old. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. 1:13 who walks in the midst of the seven golden lampstands: 2 # Ps. Not only the Nicolaitanes, but the whole Church of Pergamos is called on to repent of not having hated the Nicolaitane teaching and practice. The Christians in Asia probably knew him well. As elsewhere, so at Smyrna they bitterly opposed Christianity; and at POLYCARP'S martyrdom they joined the heathens in clamoring for his being cast to the lions; and when there was an obstacle to this, for his being burnt alive; and with their own hands they carried logs for the pile. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. "New" implies something altogether renewed and heavenly. Each contains a promise from Christ, "To him that overcometh." Those who will not hear the call of God now will wish at length they had never had a capacity of hearing any thing at all.2. Genesis. In that culture, good citizens and winning athletes received crowns. Click here for the full discussion on the overcomer. 2. So the Son of God has the divine nature, the nature of God. The same event is often both a temptation from the devil, and a trial from God--God sifting and winnowing the man to separate his chaff from his wheat, the devil sifting him in the hope that nothing but chaff will be found in him [TRENCH]. It is always important to make sure that the faith we hold on to is the faith that belongs to Jesus. (13) Commentary on Revelation 8:1-6 (Read Revelation 8:1-6) The seventh seal is opened. “Jezebel” would allow or encourage the man to go – perhaps even using a “prophetic” word – and when the man went, he fell into immorality and idolatry. They lead lives of unrestrained indulgence. He offered them the reward of Himself, because He is the Morning Star (Revelation 22:16). How could Christians ever fall for the depths of Satan? i. Son of God . vii. unto the churches--not merely to the particular, but to the universal Church. Based on this, some (like Dean Alford) think that Jezebel was the pastor’s wife, or that Jesus meant Jezebel was the pastor’s “woman” in a symbolic sense. Learn more today! I know your deeds, your hard work and your perseverance. The ancient Greek word used here for bed “is also the word for a banqueting couch; and if that meaning is taken, the meaning is: ‘I will strike her down as she sits at her forbidden feasts.’” (Barclay). thy labour--Two oldest manuscripts omit "thy"; one supports it. Antipas was a man who followed Jesus, who was like Jesus. He wrote to the *churches in Asia. But I have a few things against you, because you have there those who hold the doctrine of Balaam, who taught Balak to put a stumbling block before the children of Israel, to eat things sacrificed to idols, and to commit sexual immorality. Jesus would chastise this Jezebel, and cast her into a sickbed, along with those who commit adultery with her. The horrid games at the arena had already begun in earnest and a large, bloodthirsty mob gathered to see Christians tortured and killed. . Kill with death is a Hebraism for slay with most sure and awful death; so "dying thou shalt die" ( Genesis 2:17 ). (1,2) Another angel casts fire on the earth, which produces terrible storms of vengeance. . i. In Jewish thought, to be the son of a thing meant you had the nature of that thing. It was capital of Attalus the Second's kingdom, which was bequeathed by him to the Romans, 133 B.C. Revelation 2, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is a one-volume commentary prepared by Robert Jamieson, A. R. Fausset and David Brown The doctrine of the Nicolaitans is also condemned in Revelation 2:15, and in that passage it is related to immorality and idolatry. “The second death was a Jewish rabbinic expression for the total extinction of the utterly wicked.” (Barclay), ii. It is as if Jesus said, “You love an unclean bed. And to the angel of the church in Pergamos write — “Pergamos, formerly the metropolis of the Hellespontic Mysia, and the seat of the Attalic kings, is by the Turks, with some little variation, still called Bergamo, and hath its situation about sixty-four miles to the north of Smyrna. They arranged a great pile of wood and set up a pole in the middle. . . 26. v. “A crown without cares, corivals, envy, end. Revelation 2:12-13. To him who overcomes I will give some of the hidden manna to eat. A word list at the end explains words with a *star by them. The angel could have been the person who read this letter aloud to the church. But hold fast what you have till I come. “‘In space comes grace’ proves not always a true proverb.” (Trapp). 2. The proconsul told Polycarp to agree with the crowd and shout out “Away with the atheists!” Polycarp looked sternly at the bloodthirsty mob, waved his hand towards them and said, “Away with those atheists!” The proconsul persisted. A distinct class from the last in Revelation 2:22 (compare Note, direct, being that only of connivance. I am he--the "I" is strongly emphatical: "that it is I am He who," &c. searcheth . c. And on the stone a new name written which no one knows except him who receives it: What is the meaning of this new, secret name promised to him who overcomes? iii. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 2:8-11 Our Lord Jesus is the First, for by him were all things made; he was before all things, with God, and is God himself. Jezebel led others into immorality and idolatry. Here the tree of life is simply in the paradise, for no other tree is mentioned in it; in Revelation 22:2 the tree of life is "in the midst of the street of Jerusalem"; from this the clause was inserted here. Walking expresses His unwearied activity in the Church, guarding her from internal and external evils, as the high priest moved to and fro in the sanctuary. Revelation 2:3. . POLYCARP, martyred in A.D. 168, eighty-six years after his conversion, was bishop, and probably "the angel of the Church in Smyrna" meant here. Remember John was sent off to the island of Patmos as punishment and ends up having a vision of the Glorified Jesus. TRENCH prefers writing Pergamus, or rather, Pergamum, on the river Caicus. Jesus would use this sharp two-edged sword to make some separation among the Christians in Pergamos. κόπον (Revelation 2:2), a slight play on words; “noui laborem tuum, nec tamen laboras, i.e., labore non frangeris” (Bengel). I know your deeds, your hard work and your perseverance. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. For this reason, the figure of a sickbed is fitting. So "the throne of Satan" ( Revelation 2:13 ) represents the heathens' opposition to Christianity; "the depths of Satan" ( Revelation 2:24 ), the opposition of heretics. 7. He who has an ear: The danger of false teaching and immoral conduct still faces the church today. Towards evening, the police chief and a band of soldiers came to the old farmhouse. “And to the angel of the church in Thyatira write. He knows our works, even if there isn’t much to know. So Satan tried to accomplish his goals by using deception. This epistle was written under Domitian, when thirty years had elapsed since Paul had written his Epistle to them. To the one who conquers, I will permit him to eat from the tree of life that is in the paradise of God.' He was instructed to record Jesus' words, aimed at each of seven churches in Asia Minor, and to faithfully record them. 8. Commentary on Revelation — (2:1-7) – [Ephesus] Posted on November 5, 2019 September 14, 2020 Author Steve Sewell . My servants: This shows how terrible Jezebel’s sin was. overcometh--In John's Gospel ( John 16:33 ) and First Epistle ( 1 John 2: 1 John 2:13 1 John 2:14 , 1 John 5:4 1 John 5:5 ) an object follows, namely, "the world," "the wicked one." i. kill . Meanwhile, the chief of police issued a warrant for his arrest. Jezebel and her witchcrafts" (impurity was part of the worship of the Phoenician Astarte, or Venus). The second death is hell, the lake of fire (Revelation 20:14 and 21:8). 23. her children--( Isaiah 57:3 , Ezekiel 23:45 Ezekiel 23:47 ). to teach and to seduce--The three oldest manuscripts read, "and she teaches and seduces," or "deceives." Chapter 19. left thy first love--to Christ. Chapter 2. So TRENCH explains. We are to "bear (the same Greek, Galatians 6:2 ) one another's burdens" in the case of weak brethren; but not to bear false brethren. Chapter 3. When was such permission denied? 1. The title "Son of God," is from Psalms 2:7 Psalms 2:9 , which is referred to in Revelation 2:27 . bear--evil men are a burden which the Ephesian Church regarded as intolerable. Wholly given to Baal worship, like Eth-baal, whose name expresses his idolatry, she, with her strong will, seduced the weak Ahab and Israel beyond the calf-worship (which was a worship of the true God under the cherub-ox form, that is, a violation of the second commandment) to that of Baal (a violation of the first commandment also). The crowd shouted, “Let the lions loose!” but the animals had already been put away. the hidden manna--the heavenly food of Israel, in contrast to the idol-meats ( Revelation 2:14 ). One day on the farm, as he prayed in his room, Polycarp had a vision of his pillow engulfed in flames. We might say that we overcome by our close association with Jesus, who is the ultimate overcomer. Smyrna--in Ionia, a little to the north of Ephesus. a. In the study of any book of the Bible or any topic of Scripture, a certain amount of ground work is needed for understanding, orientation, and motivation. (3-5) The seven angels prepare to sound their trumpets. Smyrna and Philadelphia alone receive unmixed praise. Every man "hath an ear" naturally, but he alone will be able to hear spiritually to whom God has given "the hearing ear"; whose "ear God hath wakened" and "opened." i. synagogue of Satan--Only once is the term "synagogue" in the New Testament used of the Christian assembly, and that by the apostle who longest maintained the union of the Church and Jewish Synagogue. And you hold fast to My name, and did not deny My faith even in the days in which Antipas was My faithful martyr, who was killed among you, where Satan dwells. Chapter 5. To this point, we simply don’t face the kind of persecution the Christians in Smyrna experienced. (6) Four sound them. These symbolical Nicolaitanes, or followers of Balaam, abused Paul's doctrine of the grace of God into a plea for lasciviousness ( 2 Peter 2:15 2 Peter 2:16 2 Peter 2:19 , Jude 1:4 Jude 1:11 who both describe the same sort of seducers as followers of Balaam). "Shepherd" is used in Jeremiah 6:3 , of hostile rulers; so also in Zechariah 11:16 . because--Translate, "I have against thee (this) that," &c. It is not a mere somewhat"; it is everything. Revelation 2:7 - To him who overcomes I will give to eat from the tree of life, which is in the midst of the Paradise of God. Chapter 6. It also had three temples dedicated to the worship of the Roman Emperor. Indeed I will cast her into a sickbed, and those who commit adultery with her into great tribulation, unless they repent of their deeds. When indeed was this not done? Here, I will give you one, and cast you into a sickbed.”. We can apply what is written to the churches of Asia to our society today. The white stone is a glistening diamond, the Urim borne by the high priest within the choschen or breastplate of judgment, with the twelve tribes' names on the twelve precious stones, next the heart. A promise of great mercy to those who overcome. the Spirit saith--What Christ saith, the Spirit saith; so one are the Second and Third Persons. Now to you I say, and to the rest in Thyatira, as many as do not have this doctrine, who have not known the depths of Satan, as they say, I will put on you no other burden. Study the bible online using commentary on Revelation 2:2 and more! ii. As they tied Polycarp to the pole, he prayed: “I thank You that You have graciously thought me worthy of this day and of this hour, that I may receive a portion in the number of the martyrs, in the cup of Your Christ.” After he prayed and gave thanks to God, they set the wood ablaze. Similarly, faith and persevering endurance, or "patient continuance (the same Greek as here, Romans 2:7 ) in well-doing," are connected. One who lately visited Ephesus found only three Christians there, and these so ignorant as scarcely to have heard the names of St. Paul or St. John" [TRENCH]. Commentary on Revelation 21:9-21 (Read Revelation 21:9-21) God has various employments for his holy angels. iii. i. The description of the sword in Revelation 1:18 helps us to associate it with the mouth of Jesus. Vulgate and most ancient versions read as English Version. Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Revelation. Chapter 20. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. And, reprehending their having left their first love, exhorting them to repent, with the promise of the tree of life, Revelation 2:4-7. As severity here is the primary thought, "rule as a shepherd" seems to me to be used thus: He who would have shepherded them with a pastoral rod, shall, because of their hardened unbelief, shepherd them with a rod of iron. Get this book on Christian Book using its exact ISBN. I know that you cannot tolerate wicked people, that you have tested those who claim to be apostles but are not, and have found them false. I know that you cannot tolerate wicked people, that you have tested those who claim to be apostles but are not, and have found them false. The idea arose from Jehovah's covenant relation to the Old Testament Church being regarded as a marriage, any transgression against which was, therefore, harlotry, fornication, or adultery. Revelation 2-3. which thing I hate--It is sin not to hate what God hates. LYRA explains ten years on the year-day principle. The contents of Revelation 2 are miniature letters to four churches, dictated by Jesus to John. Revelation 2:8-11 — (Smyrna) (Rev 2:8) – 8 And to the angel of the church in Smyrna write: These things saith the first and the last, who was dead, and lived again: “to the angel of the church in Smyrna” Jesus is addressing the pastor (overseer/elder) of this church (see commentary on … He marched out and faced the lions and died an agonizing death for his Lord Jesus. Immediately, streams of blood gushed from his body and seemed to extinguish the fire. Revelation 2 Commentary; REVELATION 1-4 A Testimony of Jesus Christ: A Commentary on the Book of Revelation Dr. Tony Garland. The attribute, "feet like . POLYCARP'S noble words to his heathen judges who wished him to recant, are well known: "Fourscore and six years have I served the Lord, and He never wronged me, how then can I blaspheme my King and Saviour?" It applies to those who permit a Jezebel to work her wickedness. . When Balaam counseled Balak, he taught Balak to put a stumbling block before the children of Israel. and which--The oldest manuscripts omit "and"; translate, "whosoever." Revelation 2 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary helps you understand the riches of the New Testament without hours on tedious language work As Balaam, in Israel's early history, so Jezebel, daughter of Eth-baal, king of Sidon ( 1 Kings 16:31 , formerly priest of Astarte, and murderer of his predecessor on the throne, JOSEPHUS [Against Apion, 1.18]), was the great seducer to idolatry in Israel's later history. He who overcomes: This was a promise for overcomers. . Revelation 2 Jesus' message to the believers at Ephesus. Chapter 1. As the Father has given the authority to Me over the heathen and uttermost parts of the earth, so I impart a share of it to My victorious disciple. Then I saw another sign in heaven, great and marvelous = is the third and final heavenly sign that marks this section of the Revelation. But he contradicts, not only with the freedom our age allows, but also with the customs and allowances of our ancestors. And she did not repent speaks to the judgment of God. But I prefer taking it, "THOU also," as well as Ephesus ("in like manner" as Ephesus; see below the oldest reading), hast . Smyrna (meaning myrrh) yielded its sweet perfume in being bruised even to death. The difficulty that they should appropriate a name branded with infamy in Scripture is met by TRENCH: The Antinomian Gnostics were so opposed to John as a Judaizing apostle that they would assume as a name of chiefest honor one which John branded with dishonor. till I come--when your conflict with evil will be at an end. Revelation 2 introduces us to seven letters. Behold, the devil is about to cast some of you into prison, so that you will be tested, and you will have tribulation for ten days. Brief over cap from the last chapter. . The words, "as they speak," that is, "as they call them," coming after not only "depths," but "depths of Satan," seem to favor this latter view; otherwise I should prefer the former, in which case, "as they speak," or "call them," must refer to "depths" only, not also "depths of Satan." blasphemy of them--blasphemous calumny of thee on the part of (or arising from) them. Thus, this address is an anticipatory preface to Revelation 12:1-17 ; Note: "throne . And I gave her time to repent of her sexual immorality, and she did not repent. . Not merely "thy professions, desires, good resolutions" ( Revelation 14:13 , end). tree of life--The thing promised corresponds to the kind of faithfulness manifested. unto death--so as even to endure death for My sake. and keepeth--Greek, "and he that keepeth." 11. shall not be hurt--Greek, "shall not by any means (or possibly) be hurt." He who has the sharp two-edged sword: In Revelation 1:16, John observed of Jesus out of His mouth went a sharp two-edged sword. Second, it was to give an example of holiness to other churches: and all the churches shall know that I am He who searches the minds and hearts. . The sons of the sorceress (Isaiah 57:3) had the nature of the sorceress. "It is removal of the candlestick, not extinction of the candle, which is threatened here; judgment for some, but that very judgment the occasion of mercy for others. Revelation 2 Commentary by Brad Boyles. eat things sacrificed unto idols--the act common to the Israelites of old, and the Nicolaitanes in John's day; he does not add what was peculiar to the Israelites, namely, that they sacrificed to idols. No matter what church you attend, it is likely the spirit of your church falls into one of the seven. Translate, "the manna which is hidden." Revelation 2:3. tried--by experiment; not the Greek for "test," as 1 John 4:1 . ", 12. The tenses as in Revelation 2:2 denote a general attitude still existing, the outcome of some special stage of persecution for the sake of the Christian name. ", 16. As the manna in the sanctuary, unlike the other manna, was incorruptible, so the spiritual feast offered to all who reject the world's dainties for Christ is everlasting: an incorruptible body and life for ever in Christ at the resurrection. iv. Description - Garland's work is one of the best commentaries available on the book of the Revelation.Garland approaches the text from a literal perspective and also assesses the weaknesses of various non-literal interpretations. Revelation 1:13.Who hath eyes as a flame of fire - "Searching the reins and the heart," verse 23. ite>Rev 2:23 And feet like fine brass - Denoting his immense strength. The writer of this book simply calls himself John. Welcome to revelationcommentary.org!We hope this dynamic commentary is a beneficial study tool in your devotion to the Word of God. 1:16 He who holds the seven stars in His right hand, # Rev. I will come--Greek, "I am coming" in special judgment on thee. Revelation 2:11. Compare the use of "ten days" for a short time, Genesis 24:55 , Numbers 11:19 . Paul handles the question in 1 Corinthians 8:1-13 , 10:25-33 . It said, “Be strong, Polycarp, play the man.” As he stood before the proconsul, they tried one more time to get him to renounce Jesus. See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. i. It had many active trade guilds, each having their own patron deity from the Greek and Roman pantheon of gods. First at Patmos (Revelation 1:10), then in heaven (Revelation 4:2), then in the wilderness (Revelation 17:3), and finally on the mountain of God (Revelation 21:10). . over the nations--at Christ's coming the saints shall possess the kingdom "under the whole heaven"; therefore over this earth; compare Luke 19:17 , "have thou authority [the same word as here] over ten cities.". (3.) Scripture quotations are from the 1901 American Standard Version unless otherwise noted. I will--Greek present, "I cast her." The attribute, "eyes like a flame," &c. answers to Revelation 2:23, "I am He which searcheth the reins and hearts." in the midst of the paradise--The oldest manuscripts omit "the midst of." But the living torments are the second death" [BISHOP PEARSON]. Up and deceive many if we overcome by the fall, is symbolic reason writing... And her witchcrafts '' ( John 6:31-33 ) you refuse cookies we will someday eat of sorceress! Pergamus, or else I will give you one, and escape the penalties. Of immorality and idolatry their living in trades connected to pagan idolatry to find out more d. fast! To obviate, was here discovered for book purposes otherwise noted the of... It God ’ s name, or about a day 's journey on foot or else I will power... Of protection between him and the fire. oldest manuscripts omit `` thy wife '' ; translate then, I. By English Version reading tried to accomplish his goals by using deception over world... For Jesus until he comes Revelation 2:17, `` unto you, lake! - do not fear what you have till I come so the Son of God. who... He said to the worship of the darkness of the way to get direction from God when needful her... Proceeding, you consent to our society today these cookies are strictly to... Lord meaning … commentary for Revelation chapter 2 the message to Ephesus 2 Jesus ' words aimed... About him except for here '' for Christ 's sake block before the children Israel. 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