Applications will be bandwidth-aware and change their mode of transmission accordingly to … As communities and economies move from responding to a natural disaster to following the longer road of recovery, those involved have an opportunity to ensure that investments are designed for long-term sustainability and innovation. 10. In addition to the response by the government, a great deal of assistance in the wake of any disaster comes from charities, disaster response and non-governmental organizations. References: provides citations for or pointers to key resources that were informed the development and application of the crisis communication plan within the disaster planning program. It is seen that the current disaster management mechanism has certain weak parts and after in depth interviews, a new model for an efficient disaster management system is tried to be put forth in the end. fighting fires, rescuing individuals) but also the indirect effects (e.g. In addition, the autonomous rotorcrafts, planes, and ground vehicles are simulated with Simulink and visualized in a 3D environment (Google Earth) to unlock the ability to observe the operations on a mass scale.[16]. Gilchrist, TX, September 22, 2008 -- An aerial view of a house on 922 Church Street that survived the destruction of Hurricane Ike. Disaster Is more than just response and relief (i.e., it assumes Management: a more proactive approach) Is a systematic process (i.e., is based on the key Terminology management principles of planning, organising, and leading which includes coordinating and controlling) Aims to reduce the negative impact or consequences of adverse events (i.e., disasters cannot always be … The main responsibility to address these needs and respond to a disaster lies with the government or governments in whose territory the disaster has occurred. Comprehensive system manageability. [9] The National Disaster Response Force is an inter-government disaster response agency that specializes in search, rescue and rehabilitation.[10]. In such conditions, the abundance of mobile technology in developing countries provide the opportunity to be harnessed for helping victims and vulnerable people. The report concludes that a disaster response framework may be utilized in an array of disaster situations, such as that at In Amenas. Czekaj, Laura. Disaster response refers to actions taken during and immediately after a disaster to ensure that its effects are minimized, and that people affected are given immediate relief and … Interoperable, collaborative environment. True interoperability is about connecting people, data and diverse processes and organizations, which requires not only flexible technology and accepted standards, but also the fewest possible bureaucratic and regulatory barriers. Smart Emergency Response System (SERS)[14] prototype was built in the SmartAmerica Challenge 2013-2014,[15] a United States government initiative. To complicate matters, disaster management teams may be dealing with a badly damaged infrastructure making information sharing nearly impossible. The method is based on the integration of Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) measurements with additional data on the inundated area, such as a land cover map and a digital elevation model (DEM). By extending the same information and communications tools that people use every day, it will help reduce training time and organizations can be prepared to respond more effectively during times of crisis. SERS has been created by a team of nine organizations led by MathWorks. The SmartAmerica initiative challenges the participants to build cyber-physical systems as a glimpse of the future to save lives, create jobs, foster businesses, and improve the economy. According to a statement released from the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters and the United Nations in January 2009, the average number of natural disasters reported each year increased more than 60 percent from 2003 to 2005, compared with 1996 to 1998. It also may involve initial repairs to damaged or diversion to infrastructure. In the event of a disaster, saving human lives is of utmost importance. In this paper, we seek some basic educational theory to underlie this aspect of disaster management. Effective disaster management or disaster response can be defined as providing the technology, tools and practices that enable disaster response organizations to systematically manage information from multiple sources and collaborate effectively to assist survivors, mitigate damage and help communities rebuild. The Business Dictionary provide a more comprehensive definition for "disaster response";[1] Aggregate of decisions and measures to (1) contain or mitigate the effects of a disastrous event to prevent any further loss of life and/or property, (2) restore order in its immediate aftermath, and (3) re-establish normality through reconstruction and re-rehabilitation shortly thereafter. In such situations, the use of mobile phones for mHealth can be vital, especially when other communication infrastructures are hindered. [20] Using mobile technology in heath has set the stage for the dynamic organization of medical resources and promotion of patient care done through quick triage, patient tracking, and documentation storage and maintenance.[21]. prevention-preparedness-response- recov-ery spectrum. In many scenarios it is likely to be relatively short and to last for a matter of hours or days—rapid implementation of arrangements for collaboration, co-ordination and communication are, therefore, vital. System security and reliability. All components and people are connected in fixed and field locations. [6][7] Time magazine recognized the work of GlobalMedic in its 2010 Time 100 issue. The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA); is responsible for bringing together humanitarian actors to ensure a coherent response to emergencies that require an international response. Many emotional reactions of disaster survivors stem from problems of living brought about by the disaster. By enabling situational awareness and knowledge sharing, ICT can help governments and humanitarian-assistance organizations facilitate their relief services; speed the donation and distribution of food, medical supplies and other vital resources; and provide access to more complete and accurate information as communities and families work to recover and rebuild in the aftermath of a natural disaster.