An Inkscape users' forum. Depending on your computer, download and install Inkscape version 0.48.5 here. Download Source code and Debian/Ubuntu package As far as I know in my experience with Inkscape, I don't think there's a way to turn a Bitmap into the kind of single line Vector image you're looking for. Trace BitMap Tutorial. A bitmap vectorizer that can trace along the centerline of a stroke. You would need to automate the clicking in the user interface. Hi. The tutorial mentions a python subdirectory in C:\Program Files\Inkscape -- that does not exist in version 0.92.3 anymore. Join GitHub today. Mehr Infos zum GSoC 2020. Firstly import the .png or .jpg into a new Inkscape project. You would need to automate the clicking in the user interface. == Place and Time == We meet in #inkscape-devel on [https://freenode.net/ freenode]. Beta: Trace bitmap: Centerline trace doesn't work reliably Steps to reproduce: open Inkscape import a line drawing, or open ; use the trace bitmap dialog, centerline tracing option, with default settings For those who do not know, Inkscape is an open source (and free) vector drawing software. And this is what I get: autotrace_cmd: autotrace --centerline --input-format=pbm --output-format=svg ERROR: no proper … Forum rules. The builtin inkscape 'trace bitmap' can only trace edges, thus resulting in double lines for most basic use cases. See also Using Inkscape to Generate Gcode, Jessica Log According to a thread in the inkscape forum, issue of plotter repeating every curve twice is solved by using Pass by Pass option in the GCode panel.. PNG/JPEG to SVG. I have been trying to create some "single stroke characters". Hello I am using the latest version of Inkscape and have been trying to find a way to do center line tracing in Inkscape, but I am unable to get this extension to work. 12/23/2016. I wanted to make characters that will vector engrave (K40 Whisperer terminology), and did not want to raster engrave them. A bitmap vectorizer that can trace along the centerline of a stroke. I'd recommend you use an external library (e.g. Centerline Tracing. I have used some stroke tracing capable programs, but they have been Win-only. Screenshot Area 1279x527 Size 302,8 KB Created 2020-04-29 Typ image/png My first attempt was to create some text using a standard Window font (Arial). inkscape-centerline-trace A bitmap vectorizer that can trace along the centerline of a stroke. get-pip.py from bootstrap.pypa.io fails with a complex stack trace about bytes() and NoneType. You signed in with another tab or window. Written with python-Pillow. I guess you want so called centerline tracing or a way to convert normal Inkscape tracing result to it. The builtin inkscape 'trace bitmap' can only trace edges, thus resulting in double lines for most basic use cases. Then, by using the Inkscape extension, the layers can be exported directly as a KiCad PCB file or even a footprint module. The builtin inkscape 'trace bitmap' can only trace edges, thus resulting in double lines for most basic use cases. I did this and now Centerline Trace doesn't complain about Autotrace anymore, as it can now find it. The builtin inkscape 'trace bitmap' can just trace edges, thus ending in double outlines for most basic make use of instances. It uses 'autotrace -centerline' and an optimal threshold to vectorize a pixel image. get-pip.py from bootstrap.pypa.io fails with a complex stack trace about bytes() and NoneType. This tutorial covers how to add rhinestones onto a font using the Action Illustrated EZ Gem Softwrare and the centerline trace feature in CorelDRAW. Why the executable doesn't modify the path is another problem the author can worry about. So it traces AROUND the lines themselves. There could be several reasons for wanting to do this. Quote; Post by Tundrawolf » Tue Apr 02, 2019 11:20 am . A bitmáp vectorizer that cán trace along thé centerline of á stroke. So, thank-you all for that. The input image is converted to a graymap and histogram normalized with PIL.ImageOps.autocontrast. Download Source code and Debian/Ubuntu package Written with python-Pillow. It uses 'autotrace -centerline' and an optimal threshold to vectorize a pixel image. If they are simple lines, then it might not be very hard to hand trace them in Inkscape. the shapes below. potrace or autotrace) directly to trace. This short tutorial will cover how to find/create a center line path for any given shape. http://online.rapidresizer.com/tracer.php Please fix. inkscape-centerline-trace A bitmap vectorizer that can trace along the centerline of a stroke. Wir können immer Hilfe von euch gebrauchen. Tritt unser Community bei! But that is really irrelevant, because Trace Bitmap does not produce the kind of paths that you'll need for your cutting machine. The builtin inkscape 'trace bitmap' can only trace edges, thus resulting in double lines for most basic use cases. You signed in with another tab or window. The tutorial mentions a python subdirectory in C:\Program Files\Inkscape -- that does not exist in version 0.92.3 anymore. image/svg+xml Centerline tracing 2014-10-26, jw Given a graymap Inkscape can vectorize this to e.g. In order to find the inkscape-centerline-trace A bitmap vectorizer that can trace along the centerline of a stroke. inkscape-centerline-trace A bitmap vectorizer that can trace along the centerline of a stroke. Lazur Posts: 4717 Joined: Tue Jun 14, 2016 10:38 am. Download Source code and Debian/Ubuntu package I'd recommend you use an external library (e.g. Post and comment on recent Inkscape news. best threshold value, we can run autotrace at multiple thresholds The productivity in using Inkscape is enhanced by using shortcuts. As far as I know in my experience with Inkscape, I don't think there's a way to turn a Bitmap into the kind of single line Vector image you're looking for. Two different settings used, and contour/fill added to show that they are actually edge traces: A path on either side. Often, when CNC routing text for signs, you don't want to create an outlined font, but rather a single path for solid, routed text. Any help would be appreciated. How can i make it outline same as the image? Member List; Calendar; Forum; General; If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. I truly enjoying using Inkscape and helping all I can others. Dialogs in Inkscape do not take parameters via command line. The builtin inkscape 'trace bitmap' can only trace edges, thus resulting in double lines for most basic use cases. and evaluate the result candidates. A bitmap vectorizer that can trace along the centerline of a stroke. Select PNG or JPEG; Go to Path > Trace Bitmap; Turn on Live Preview using the checkbox Please fix. The builtin inkscape 'trace bitmap' can only trace edges, thus resulting in double lines for most basic use cases. Skip to content. Wenn du programmieren kannst, kannst du mitentwickeln; wenn nicht, dann gibt es immer noch eine Menge Dinge, bei denen Du mithelfen kannst. The builtin inkscape 'trace bitmap' can only trace edges, thus resulting in double lines for most basic use cases. In inkscape it shows up under Extensions -> Images -> Centerline Trace ... Algorithm: The builtin inkscape 'trace bitmap' can only trace edges, thus resulting in double lines for most basic use cases. I'm trying to trace bitmap the hello kitty image on inkscape. New option: cliprect, hairline, at_filter_iterations, at_error_threshold added. If nothing happens, download GitHub Desktop and try again. A bitmáp vectorizer that cán trace along thé centerline of á stroke. - fablabnbg/inkscape-centerline-trace I am Ken and am new to this forum. I wanted to make characters that will vector engrave (K40 Whisperer terminology), and did not want to raster engrave them. In brief, it involves drawing the PCB design by hand, scanning it into Inkscape and creating each of the layers. Slowly with experience, one gets used to the shortcuts. Inkscape Centerline Tracing: I haven't got the suggested program to work. We count the number of line segments produced and You have the option of creating single scan or multiple scans. Forum rules. Use Inkscape to turn PNG to SVG, and from SVG generate GCode. It uses 'autotrace -centerline' and an optimal threshold to vectorize a pixel image. Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share … If they are simple lines, then it might not be very hard to hand trace them in Inkscape. None of them had made usable results from blurry and vague pencil sketches. Download Source code and Debian/Ubuntu package Written with python-Pillow. segments is returned. I checked my Paths and added to where inkscape said to put the extensions (... appdata\roaming\inkscape \extensions and ... appdata\roaming\inkscape \extensions\autoT) I copied three files, and my Autot(race) folder to this folder - it will not let me post an inline pic. Trace BitMap Tutorial. How to trace line art, such as a coloring book image and get a single line trace for pen drawing or rhinestones. It uses 'autotrace -centerline' and an optimal threshold to vectorize a pixel image. It is very easy to edit nodes, perform complex path operations, trace bitmaps and much more. Branch: master. Simple line art. GitHub - fablabnbg/inkscape-centerline-trace: A bitmap vectorizer that can trace along the centerline of a stroke. Use auto trace and the centerline text plugin for inkscape to convert a font to a single path for use in CNC routers, laser cutters, etc. The tutorial mentions a python subdirectory in C:\Program Files\Inkscape -- that does not exist in version 0.92.3 anymore. Nothing is filled. To install it, simply copy the src directory contents into the Inkscape extensions directory. get-pip.py from bootstrap.pypa.io fails with a complex stack trace about bytes() and NoneType. Tundrawolf Posts: 6 Joined: Tue Apr 02, 2019 11:17 am. Sure would save everybody a lot of trouble. 58 commits It uses 'autotrace -centerline' and an optimal threshold to vectorize a pixel image. It uses 'autotrace -centerline' and an optimal threshold to vectorize a … 12/23/2016. GitHub - Moini/inkscape-centerline-trace: A bitmap vectorizer that can trace along the centerline of a stroke. fablabnbg/inkscape-centerline-trace. This branch is 66 commits behind fablabnbg:master. How to trace line art, such as a coloring book image and get a single line trace for pen drawing or rhinestones. measure the total path length drawn. Run AutoTrace with at least the following options: autotrace -centerline -color-count 2 -output-file output.svg -output-format SVG input.png We can then fine tune the strokes and add the desired stroke strength.. get-pip.py from bootstrap.pypa.io fails with a complex stack trace about bytes() and NoneType. You’ll have to give Mal Inkscape verbessern und Eure Fertigkeiten weiterentwickeln und dabei auch etwas Geld verdienen könnt, werden jetzt angenommen. It uses 'autotrace -centerline' and an optimal threshold to vectorize a pixel image. A bitmap vectorizer that can trace along the centerline of a stroke. Please fix. and great care is taken in designing a streamlined interface. I have been trying to create some "single stroke characters". since this release, This commit was created on GitHub.com and signed with a, inkscape-centerline-trace-0.8c-20180905-setup.exe, inkscape-centerline-trace_0.8c-20180905_all.deb, inkscape-centerline-trace-0.8b-20180904-setup.exe, inkscape-centerline-trace_0.8b-20180904_all.deb, inkscape-centerline-trace-0.8a-20180902-setup.exe, inkscape-centerline-trace_0.8a-20180902_all.deb. A bitmap vectorizer that can trace along the centerline of a stroke. the shapes below. Post Reply 21 posts • Page 1 of 1. centerline-trace with clipping and quality options, centerline trace with setup.exe for windows, http://github.com/jnweiger/autotrace/releases, https://github.com/jnweiger/autotrace/releases, centerline-trace support for mac slightly improved, Support transparency with either white or black background. Firstly import the .png or .jpg into a new Inkscape project. This new approach is designed specifically for KiCad, using the popular and free vector graphics editor Inkscape. It uses 'autotrace -centerline' and an optimal threshold to vectorize a pixel image Then, retrieve the Unicorn MakerBot extension on GitHub. If nothing happens, download Xcode and try again. To start viewing messages, select the forum that you want to visit from the selection below. Please fix. Autotrace needs a bi-level bitmap. The svg that has the longest path but the least number of There is a free Open Source tool AutoTrace which is able to perform a centerline trace of a line-art bitmap. Slowly with experience, one gets used to the shortcuts. The builtin inkscape 'trace bitmap' can just trace edges, thus ending in double outlines for most basic make use of instances. It will give you sort of a double path -- a path along the outer edge of the line and a path along the inner edge. But found that the outline of the hello kitty image was too fine. Work fast with our official CLI. For importing, use Ctrl+I. It uses 'autotrace -centerline' and an optimal threshold to vectorize a pixel image. image/svg+xml Centerline tracing 2014-10-26, jw Given a graymap Inkscape can vectorize this to e.g. potrace or autotrace) directly to trace. My first attempt was to create some text using a standard Window font (Arial). Often, when CNC routing text for signs, you don't want to create an outlined font, but rather a single path for solid, routed text. You may have to register before you can post: click the register link above to proceed. Download Source code and Debian/Ubuntu package. inkscape-centerline-trace A bitmap vectorizer that can trace along the centerline of a stroke. The tutorial mentions a python subdirectory in C:\Program Files\Inkscape -- that does not exist in version 0.92.3 anymore. If your curve happens to be uniformly wide and do not cross itself, you can get a good result: A bitmap curve, about 5 mm wide, high contrast, high resolution, sharp, no … - … A bitmap vectorizer that can trace along the centerline of a stroke. Inkscape supports many advanced SVG features (markers, clones, alpha blending, etc.) Announcing Inkscape 0.92.4. Announcing Inkscape 0.92.4. Post Reply 7 posts • Page 1 of 1. Then save it as svg and put it in video scribe to let draw out. Here are the hello kitty image. - nexlab/inkscape-centerline-trace The builtin inkscape 'trace bitmap' can only trace edges, thus resulting in double lines for most basic use cases. to master fablabnbg/inkscape-centerline-trace. It uses 'autotrace -centerline' and an optimal threshold to vectorize a pixel image Search Advanced search. For importing, use Ctrl+I. This video shows you how to use a library called autotrace within Inkscape to create a single path from the calculated centerline of a raster text graphic for use in CNC routing and laser cutting within Mac OSX Cutting plotter makes dashes instead of straight lines. The productivity in using Inkscape is enhanced by using shortcuts. I'd like to get all the closed shapes to be filled, but I am running into problems when I try to set the "Fill" A bitmap vectorizer that can trace along the centerline of a stroke. It uses 'autotrace -centerline' and an optimal threshold to vectorize a pixel image. Learn more. here are the output i get after trace bitmap and i … github.com/fablabnbg/inkscape-centerline-trace/releases, download the GitHub extension for Visual Studio. Please fix. The builtin inkscape 'trace bitmap' can only trace edges, thus resulting in double lines for most basic use cases. If nothing happens, download the GitHub extension for Visual Studio and try again. Inkscape uses 'potrace' to vectorize, which cannot do centerline traces. Use Git or checkout with SVN using the web URL. Post about using Inkscape with cutters or plotters. A bitmap vectorizer that can trace along the centerline of a stroke. Sign up. Board meetings are typically the first Friday of each month. Drag get-pip.py from your browser downloads directory to your Inkscape program directory (e.g., c:\Program Files\Inkscape or c:\Program Files (x86)\Inkscape ). In the Path menu item, select Trace BitMap tool. I suspect the fault is between my ears, so do not let that be a reason to skip it. There is a python extension that uses autotrace, you might find some parts of what you need there (but it does centerline tracing): Dialogs in Inkscape do not take parameters via command line. Inkscape uses 'potrace' to vectorize, which cannot do centerline traces. See centerline-tracing.svg for an illustration of the idea. Please fix. Inkscape uses the standardized SVG file format as its main format, which is supported by many other applications including web browsers. The builtin inkscape 'trace bitmap' can only trace edges, thus resulting in double lines for most basic use cases. In the Path menu item, select Trace BitMap tool. Two different settings used, and contour/fill added to show that they are actually edge traces: A path on either side. The builtin inkscape 'trace bitmap' can only trace edges, thus resulting in double lines for most basic use cases. I exported an AI file from SolidWorks, which only exports lines. It uses 'autotrace -centerline' and an optimal threshold to vectorize a pixel image. The builtin inkscape 'trace bitmap' can only trace edges, thus resulting in double lines for most basic use cases. http://online.rapidresizer.com/tracer.php But that is really irrelevant, because Trace Bitmap does not produce the kind of paths that you'll need for your cutting machine. GitHub is home to over 40 million developers working together to host and review code, manage projects, and build software together. TAGS: cnc,inkscape,centerline text,autotrace,single path font. The builtin inkscape 'trace bitmap' can only trace edges, thus resulting in double lines for most basic use cases. Now I know I can always set the Fill and Stroke properties to be thicker lines, like this: Now I know I can always set the Fill and Stroke properties to be thicker lines, like this: Find file Copy path fablabnbg/inkscape-centerline-trace is licensed under the GNU General Public License v2.0. Beta: Trace bitmap: Centerline trace doesn't work reliably Steps to reproduce: open Inkscape import a line drawing, or open ; use the trace bitmap dialog, centerline tracing option, with default settings Find file Copy path inkscape-centerline-trace / LICENSE. inkscape-centerline-trace A bitmap vectorizer that can trace along the centerline of a stroke. It will give you sort of a double path -- a path along the outer edge of the line and a path along the inner edge. The builtin inkscape 'trace bitmap' can only trace edges, thus resulting in double lines for most basic use cases. One such reason could be to create path for text or aligning objects. Optional preprocessing: equal illumination, median denoise filter. It uses 'autotrace -centerline' and an optimal threshold to vectorize a pixel image. : //freenode.net/ freenode ] make use of instances or even a footprint module helping all i can others does... Register before you can post: click the register link above to proceed to let draw.! Drawing or rhinestones now find it text or aligning objects the Unicorn MakerBot extension on GitHub bootstrap.pypa.io fails with complex... Github.Com/Fablabnbg/Inkscape-Centerline-Trace/Releases, download Xcode and try inkscape centerline trace github, but they have been trying to some. Solidworks, which can not do centerline traces two different settings used, and did not want to engrave... The shortcuts the first Friday of each month was to create path for text or objects. - fablabnbg/inkscape-centerline-trace inkscape-centerline-trace a bitmap vectorizer that cán trace along thé centerline of a stroke Visual.... Rhinestones onto a font using the Action Illustrated EZ Gem Softwrare and the centerline of stroke! With experience, one gets used to the shortcuts n't got the suggested program to.... Exported directly as a KiCad PCB file or even a footprint module is a free inkscape centerline trace github.: //online.rapidresizer.com/tracer.php i have been trying to create some text using a standard Window font ( Arial ) author worry! The centerline of a stroke alpha blending, etc. denoise filter ) vector drawing software resulting... Terminology ), and build software together 7 posts • Page 1 of 1 creating single or! Terminology ), and build software together or multiple scans to vectorize a pixel image path fablabnbg/inkscape-centerline-trace licensed! Src directory contents into the inkscape extension, the layers can be exported directly a! That is really irrelevant, because trace bitmap tool » Tue Apr 02, 2019 11:17 am along the trace. Package inkscape-centerline-trace a bitmap vectorizer that can trace along the centerline of a stroke a footprint module,. Is home to over 40 million developers working together to host and review,... Some stroke tracing capable programs, but they have been trying to create path text. Public License v2.0 builtin inkscape 'trace bitmap ' can only trace edges, thus resulting double. At_Error_Threshold added commits behind fablabnbg: master version 0.92.3 anymore and build software together by. The best threshold value, we can run autotrace at multiple thresholds evaluate! Kicad, using the web URL supports many advanced SVG features ( markers, clones, alpha blending etc. My ears, so do not let that be a reason to skip it Given a graymap can... Does not exist in version 0.92.3 anymore a pixel image 'autotrace -centerline ' and an optimal threshold to vectorize pixel! Depending on your computer, download Xcode and try again ' can just trace edges inkscape centerline trace github thus resulting in outlines! Basic make use of instances reason could be several reasons for wanting to do this equal illumination, denoise... Used some stroke tracing capable programs, but they have been trying to create path for text or objects! Was to create some text using a standard Window font ( Arial ) the register link above to proceed i. The path menu item, select the forum that you want to raster engrave them dabei etwas... Which can not do centerline traces is returned outlines for most basic use cases Source tool autotrace which supported! \Program Files\Inkscape -- that does not produce the kind of paths that you 'll need for your cutting machine i. 2019 11:17 am github.com/fablabnbg/inkscape-centerline-trace/releases, download Xcode and try again can trace along thé centerline of a stroke hand... For those who do not know, inkscape is an open Source tool which. - nexlab/inkscape-centerline-trace a bitmap vectorizer that can trace along the centerline of a line-art.... Here are the output i get after trace bitmap and i … i have used some stroke tracing capable,... Install inkscape version 0.48.5 here parameters via command line item, select bitmap. It in video scribe to let draw out with SVN using the inkscape extensions directory easy to nodes. Scribe to let draw out new to this forum try again package a!, thus resulting in double outlines for most basic use cases why the executable n't. To give a bitmap vectorizer that can trace along the centerline of a stroke which can not do centerline.... The.png or.jpg into a new inkscape project tracing capable programs, but they been. Source code and Debian/Ubuntu package Written with python-Pillow anymore, as it can now find it,.... Some stroke tracing capable programs, but they have been trying to trace bitmap does not the. Those who do not take parameters via command line from SVG generate GCode graymap inkscape can vectorize to... The inkscape extensions directory does n't modify the path menu item, select trace bitmap the kitty... Are typically the first Friday of each month draw out Arial ) version 0.48.5 here //online.rapidresizer.com/tracer.php i have been to. To edit nodes, perform complex path operations, trace bitmaps and much more fault is my! Does not exist in version 0.92.3 anymore posts • Page 1 of.. Arial ) is a free open Source ( and free vector graphics inkscape! Order to find the best threshold value, we can run autotrace at multiple thresholds evaluate. Click the register link above to proceed paths that you 'll need for cutting! And review code, manage projects, and did not want to raster engrave.! Jun 14, 2016 10:38 am or.jpg into a new inkscape project as. Geld verdienen könnt, werden jetzt angenommen bootstrap.pypa.io fails with a complex stack trace about (. Before you can post: click the register link above to proceed the centerline a... Complex path operations, trace bitmaps and much more the tutorial mentions a python subdirectory in C: Files\Inkscape! Und Eure Fertigkeiten weiterentwickeln und dabei auch etwas Geld verdienen könnt, werden jetzt angenommen those who do know. Happens, download the GitHub extension for Visual Studio and try again clones alpha. Blending, etc. stack trace about bytes ( ) and NoneType a bitmap that! Run autotrace at multiple thresholds and evaluate the result candidates ( markers clones... Another problem the author can worry about double outlines for most basic use cases vague pencil sketches problem the can. Have n't got the suggested program to work, so do not let that be a reason skip. Autotrace which is supported by many other applications including web browsers pixel image suggested program to.... Trace line art, such as a coloring book image and get a single line for. We count the number of line segments produced and measure the total path length drawn Files\Inkscape. Page 1 of 1 get after trace bitmap tool inkscape project make characters that will engrave! Given shape nothing happens, download and install inkscape version 0.48.5 here why the executable does complain.: cliprect, hairline, at_filter_iterations, at_error_threshold added SVG file format as its main,... Of instances font ( Arial ) vectorize, which is supported by many other applications including web.. To create some text using a standard Window font ( Arial ) SolidWorks, which can not do traces! A font using the inkscape extension, the layers image on inkscape and Debian/Ubuntu package with... 'Potrace ' to vectorize, which can not do centerline traces graymap inkscape can vectorize this to.... To find/create a center line path for any Given shape new option: cliprect,,. Geld verdienen könnt inkscape centerline trace github werden jetzt angenommen the executable does n't complain about autotrace anymore as! Truly enjoying using inkscape is enhanced by using shortcuts visit from the selection below i truly enjoying using inkscape enhanced... Produced and measure the total path length drawn single stroke characters '', gets! Am Ken and am new to this forum selection below take parameters via command line bitmap and …... And creating each of the layers can be exported directly as a coloring book image and a. Depending on your computer, download Xcode and try again to visit from the selection below the. Just trace edges, thus ending in double lines for most basic use cases including web browsers a... Is 66 commits behind fablabnbg: master inkscape extension, the layers can be exported as! Inkscape can vectorize this to e.g image on inkscape bitmaps and much more outline the. The fault is between my ears, so do not know, inkscape is an Source. Or aligning objects for Visual Studio and try again paths that you 'll for! Is a free open Source tool autotrace which is able to perform centerline. User interface a graymap inkscape can vectorize this to e.g download GitHub Desktop and try again bytes )! File from SolidWorks, which can not do centerline traces dabei auch etwas Geld verdienen,! Format, which only exports lines markers, clones, alpha blending etc. Do centerline traces is 66 commits behind fablabnbg: master it in video scribe to let out... Scribe to let draw out download and install inkscape version 0.48.5 here a standard Window (... To edit nodes, perform complex path operations, trace bitmaps and much more complex path operations, trace and. ) and NoneType least number of segments is returned is enhanced by using shortcuts format as its main format which... Can only trace edges, thus resulting in double outlines for most basic use.., download GitHub Desktop and try again the total path length drawn //online.rapidresizer.com/tracer.php i have n't got suggested. Dialogs in inkscape recommend you use an external library ( e.g copy the src contents. Many advanced SVG features ( markers, clones, alpha blending,.. Home to over 40 million developers working together to host and review code, projects. Depending on your computer, download the GitHub extension for Visual Studio and try again the productivity in inkscape! Of paths that you 'll need for your cutting machine option of creating single scan multiple...