The best way to determine if the seed can be harvested is to gently but briskly shake or rub the flower heads between your hands to see if the seeds fall readily. Amaranth grows well in a variety of soil types. Seeds are heavier than the chaff and remain after the chaff has been blown away. My 'Golden Giant' Amaranth plants are over 7 feet tall, with 15" tall and 8" wide grain heads. Younger greens are great for salad; older greens are better cooked as a substitute for spinach. Harvest amaranth seeds by placing a clean bucket under the flower heads and rubbing the flower heads between your hands. It is very healthy for you and often found in health food stores. I can pull off a bit of the 'grain' head and roll it around to reveal little tiny white seeds that I assume aren't fully mature yet. Tiny sprouts with their first pair of true leaves can be harvested a few days later and used as micro-greens. After harvesting, it is important to dry your crop further to ensure it won’t grow mold in storage. Seed should be sown thinly (12 to 15 seeds per foot) in rows 12-18 inches apart. The best way to store it is in the fridge, in a tightly sealed container. The latter method will require multiple harvests in this manner to remove any remaining seeds as they dry. Dry the seeds further in the sun until they are completely dry. You can do this by means of successive sieves; stack different sized sieves from smallest on the bottom to the largest at the top and shake the seeds and chaff through them. If you’re growing amaranth for seed but harvesting the leaves for use in soups, stir-frys, and stews — or just to eat as greens — don’t harvest so many that the plant’s growth will be slowed. Sow seeds early in the season and cover lightly with soil. Store them in an air tight container in a cool, dry area for up to 6 months. This is also referred to as the ‘blow and fly’ method and should really be done outside, lest you want a mess in your kitchen. Harvest with the scythe. Leave it on trays to dry in the sun or inside near an indoor heating source. Cut off seed bundles, and set aside. It’s a bushy plant growing 3 to 10 feet, depending if it’s wild or cultivated, a vegetable variety or a grain variety. This particular plant is really grown as a decorative flower in North America and Europe, Amaranth is really an excellent food crop that is grown in many parts of the world. How do I tell when to harvest? Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Your soil should be finely prepared to achieve the proper seed planting depth. Harvest. Amaranth is harvested using a Scythe. The best time to harvest the amaranth grain is on a dry day 3 to 7 days after a hard frost. Amaranth varieties that grow head high require 60cm (24 inches) between plants. Bonus: gardeners in non-tropical regions find that the young leaves tend to be better suited for eating as greens than they do in warmer, more humid climates. On Day 2, take a look at the amaranth seeds. Numerous small and appreciative birds may give hints as to when to start doing this. Amaranth A purple grain cultivated by an ancient civilization. Amaranth grains are especially good in a porridge that also contains other grains, such as millet and quinoa. Once the flowers have developed, let the amaranth flowers grow fully and watch carefully for the first few flowers to start dying back or browning a bit. It will grow tall and can top 5 feet high. It also lessens the amount of debris and chaff that needs to be removed. The best time to harvest the amaranth grain is on a dry day 3 to 7 days after a hard frost. Keep moist until germination. By then, the seeds will definitely be dry. Or, scatter seed over ground that has had the top 1 inch of soil loosened. You can get an early start by growing seedlings indoors in late spring. Red-leaf vegetable amaranth: medium green leaves with burgundy-red overlay creates an attractive splash of color to your summertime salads. Amaranth is a fairly low maintenance crop, but care should be taken early to ensure they stand a good chance of establishing. Generally, amaranth germinates well when the soil has reached at least 60 degrees F., but is not warmer than 90 degrees F. Transplant to cell packs or larger containers about 3 weeks after sowing. They are ready to harvest when they begin to fall from the flower head (tassel). I do this about once a week until the first frost. It can successfully be grown in areas with less than 10 inches of yearly rainfall. To harvest the seeds I like to get a paper grocery bag and hold it under the seed heads. How to Grow & Harvest Amaranth When to Plant. Do I whack off the heads and hang them up to dry when its time? Flowering amaranth plants can still have their leaves harvested to eat, but you may find that the flavor changes after the amaranth plant flowers. Although amaranth seed and flour can be found in health food stores, if you want the greens you have to grow it yourself, or forage for it in season, which fortunately is long. Thin the resulting seedlings to 15cm (6") and use discarded seedlings as microveg for salads. But for greater production, allow the plants to reach 1 to 2 feet tall before harvesting. How do you know when to harvest amaranth? Varieties that produce white or golden seeds are the tastiest--while the black seed producers are bitter. If you would like to grow Amaranth, seed is available in my Etsy shop here or at your garden centres in the spring. You should see a few of them starting to germinate, and maybe a few growing. Another way to harvest the amaranth is once the seeds begin to readily fall from the tassels, take the seed heads in your hands and rub them over a bucket to catch the seed. They can be purchased at Pierre's General Store, at JojaMart, from the Magic Shop Boat at the Night Market on … How to Grow Amaranth from seed. Collecting Amaranth Seeds. Home Perennial Plants How to grow Amaranthus from seed to harvest How to grow Amaranthus from seed to harvest Justin December 07, 2019. The golden or lighter colored seeds tend to cook better, and all of them have delectable greens. However, the birds may have gotten to a lot more of them than you will. You can then winnow the chaff by gently blowing it away from the seed. In addition to tasting somewhat spinach-like, amaranth is healthful: Lots of protein, vitamins, minerals, and dietary fiber. Mine give leaves for 3-4 months. Depending on variety, this may take several rinsings due to the amount of chaff. Growing amaranth varieties that have purple or red leaves also simplifies weeding. Amaranth does not store well for long periods and is best eaten fresh. You can also use the ‘ramp’ method for removing the seeds from the chaff. Don't remove the dome, let it to retain any moisture that my evaporate from the soil. Amaranth is a summer-tolerant green that is often called vegetable amaranth to distinguish it from the similarly named but different landscaping amaranth. Only the dehydrated seeds will come out this way, so do a second harvest a week or so later to catch any remaining seeds that were not ready the first time. Amaranth is very easy to grow. The latter method will require multiple harvests in this manner to remove any remaining seeds as they dry. Seeds should be planted no more than 1/4 inch deep. Amaranth prefers a warm climate, full sun, and well-drained soil. Amaranth grain is fairly high in fat and can go rancid eventually. In fact, seeds are easiest to harvest a few days after a hard frost, right at the end of the growing season. Amaranth leaves are ready to harvest in about 30 -45 days. Many lag behind. The seeds that are ready will fall off and the rest can be left on the plant to finish maturing. Amaranth. Amaranth seedlings can easily be blocked from emergence by a thin crust on the soil formed after a rain. The plants become extremely bristly, and it becomes difficult to separate the seed from the chaff. Amaranth Seeds are Seeds that are planted into tilled ground to produce Amaranth. While of the 60-70 species of amaranth, 40 are considered native to the Americas, you are likely growing one of three: A. hypochondriacus (Prince’s Feather), A. cruentus (Purple Amaranth) or A. tricolor (Tampala, which is grown chiefly for its leaves). To harvest young amaranth greens, cut off the entire plant a few inches above ground level. You can also “pop” amaranth like corn; simply preheat a pot or skillet over high heat (must be very hot), and add amaranth seeds one or two tablespoons at a time (adding too many seeds at once can cause them to burn). Both the greens and seeds are edible, with the greens tasting somewhat like spinach, and the seeds milled into flour or eaten much like quinoa with a similar protein punch. If you're direct sowing, make sure you do so after the threat of frost has passed and the soil has begun to warm up. An easy way to gather the grain is to bend the plants over a bucket and rub the seedheads between your hands. It is not recommended to broadcast seed because there will not be sufficient spacing for the plants to develop quality grains. Stir the seed around on occasion until they are completely dry. If you are growing amaranth, it’s no wonder, with its nutrient rich greens and seeds. Plant amaranth in late spring or early summer, after the last frost has passed and the soil is warm. This method may take a little longer to do, but there won’t be … Put on a pair of rubber gloves.. Cut one seed head down from its wire hanger or hook, and hold it over a shallow tray or box. Cover seed lightly with about 1/8" growing media. 6 Gather the seeds when they’re ready. Gently rub the flower heads to see if any of the seeds fall away easily. The seeds from the first two are off-white to pale pink, while the latter is black and shiny. You can check to see if your amaranth grain is ready to harvest by running your hands down the flowers-- if seeds fall from them easily, it is time! Pour the seed onto the cookie sheet and blow towards the ramp. This method may take a little longer to do, but there won’t be as much chaff and debris to sort out later. Stir occasionally until it is as dry as possible—store seeds in an air-tight container in a cool, dry place. Amaranth Seed can be obtained by either crafting it using the recipe, or by buying the seed from the Market. Disease is seldom a problem with Amaranth. Amaranth delivers salad greens when lettuce and spinach have long since bolted. Seeds ripen about three months after planting, usually in the mid- to late summer, depending on your climate and when you planted. Bend individual plants into a 5 gallons (19 l) bucket or wheelbarrow and rub the seed heads between your palms. The best time to harvest the amaranth grain is on a dry day 3 to 7 days after a hard frost. by reader Rosita Arvigo. The stems can be cut for greens several times as they sprout right back giving twice as many as before it was cut. Sow Callaloo seed from May to August into a finely raked moist soil in a sunny, sheltered position where the soil is well drained. If you see seeds falling from the tassel, it’s amaranth harvest time. Seed will often ripen many weeks before the first hard frost, usually after about three months from planting time. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Sign up for our newsletter. In our experience, cutting and hanging plants indoors does not work very well. How To Harvest Amaranth Grain. Amaranth is a plant that falls into one of four categories: grain, vegetable, ornamental or weed. how to harvest amaranth. Mature plants yield Amaranth. The best way to determine if the seed is able to be harvested is to gently but briskly shake or rub the flower heads between your hands to see if the seeds fall readily. Keep soil surface moist. Note notches in the leaves, often present . Sell Price: 35g: Purchase Prices General Store: 70g: JojaMart: 87g: Traveling Cart: 105-1,000g Night Market (Winter 17): 70g: Amaranth Seeds are a type of seed. Once you take your sieve stack apart, you will be left with one that contains only seeds. At this time, cut all of the flowers off the amaranth plant and place them in paper bags to dry the rest of … Set a cookie sheet flat on the ground and using a cutting board, create an angled ramp. Generally speaking, those soils suitable for growing lettuce would make a nice place for growing amaranth. Rinse away the dried seed “chaff” and enjoy your grain harvest. Amaranth resembles lamb’s quarters and a red rooted pigweed (especially in the early stages of growth), so it is best to plant in rows to simplify weeding. The finer chaff can then be blown off the screen. Once you have harvested the amaranth, it needs to be completely dried before you store it; otherwise, it will mold. Wash the stalk, leaves and root in cold water under a faucet or in a large bowl of water. Continuously stir the seeds with a spoon as they pop, and once mostly popped, quickly remove from pan. My variety is A. retroflexus, a common food crop here. The ripe seeds will fall into the bucket (along with some chaff, spiders and anything else living in there). It can be left on trays in the hot sun or placed near an indoor heat source. Transplant outside after danger of frost has passed. Clip the leaves from the plant with a sharp pair of scissors. Shake the bag once they are dry, or knock the seeds loose over a cloth. I have personally collected amaranth seeds many times over the 35 years of living in Central America. Amaranth appears to be fairly slow-growing at first, but it can be very drought tolerant once established. Rake seed in lightly, walk over area to firm soil. Thin to the strongest plant. Amaranth seeds don't germinate at the same time. You can then store them in a cool dry place for up to six … Tampala is one of the tastiest varieties grown for its greens. Preparing Seeds. In addition to growing for salad greens, it is (maybe more common historically) grown for its grain. So when the amaranth seed heads are plainly visible, is it time to harvest the amaranth? Unlike most salad greens, this one thrives in hot weather, so if you grow amaranth – or tetragonia, Malabar spinach, orach, or purslane for that matter- you can keep the salads coming all year long. Direct sow Amaranth seeds into prepared beds after all danger of frost in groups of 4 seeds spaced 18-24 inches apart. Watermelon Growing and Harvest Information, Sweet Potato Growing and Harvest Information, Strawberry Growing and Harvest Information, Zone 10 Vegetable Planting Calendar/Schedule, Zone 9 Vegetable Planting Calendar/Schedule, Zone 8 Vegetable Planting Calendar/Schedule, Zone 7 Vegetable Planting Calendar/Schedule, Zone 6 Vegetable Planting Calendar/Schedule, Zone 5 Vegetable Planting Calendar/Schedule, Raspberry Growing and Harvest Information, Brussels Sprouts Growing and Harvest Information, Asparagus Growing and Harvest Information. This method make take a little longer to do, but then you … Seed And Chaff Separation – How To Separate Seed From Chaff, Uses For Ramps: How To Grow Wild Leek Ramps In The Garden, Citronella As A Houseplant – Can You Keep Mosquito Plant Citronella Indoors, Houseplant Placement – Houseplants And Where To Put Them, Choosing Houseplants For Your Style - What Are The Best Houseplants For My Decor, Apple Tree Root Rot – Reasons For Root Rot In Apple Trees, Flowering Quince Propagation: How To Propagate A Flowering Quince Bush, Caring For Common Mallow Plants In The Garden, What Is African Gardenia: Tips On Caring For African Gardenias, Fragrant Houseplants: Best Smelling Houseplants You Should Grow, Peace Lily Growing: The Story of My Peace Lily Houseplant, Goal For The New Year: Creating A Garden That Feeds The Birds, Garden Design Plans: Dreamin’ Of A Garden Arbor Over Patio. Some are darker redish brown, some are a more faded golden brown. Plus, the seed heads are truly lovely and add a unique focal point to the landscape. First Seed Starting Date: (for transfer to garden), First Seed Starting Date: (for direct sow). Because the seed is so small, it can be mixed with sand to avoid excessive thinning once the seed has germinated. Jump to: navigation, search. Our Garden Plannercan produce a personalised calendar of when to sow, plant and harvest for your area. There are many ways to harvest amaranth seed, and you will have to choose the method that best suits you. Harvesting amaranth grains from all types of amaranth is okay but, in some arenas, mixing the black seed in with the paler grains is considered to be a contaminant, which is purely cosmetic in thinking since they are all edible. Clip the leaves from the plant with a sharp pair of scissors. Harvest grain when it readily falls from the seed-head, or after the first hard frost. Rub the flower heads of amaranth together over a bucket to harvest the seeds. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! The seeds or grains can be popped like corn or cooked up like porridge or rice. Plants will keep growing until frost. Black seeded Amaranth varieties tend to remain quite gritty when cooked and are best suited for their greens. Once I had all the seeds separated, this is how many seeds I had to pack up. Step 6 is the same; allow the seeds germinate for at least 48-hours. In Nepal the seeds are made in to a gruel. In the Caribbean, it goes by the name calaloo. Amaranth is a vegetable crop that grows from Amaranth Seeds after 7 days. Once the plants reach about one foot in height, they start growing rapidly and quickly shade out any remaining weeds. Lift it up so they're just inside the bag and shake the seed heads into the bag. Amaranth is a grain very similar to quinoa or couscous. Pick individual leaves as needed for greens. The smaller varieties planted as decoration will not produce any usable seed but can still be eaten as salad greens. Another way to harvest the amaranth is once the seeds begin to readily fall from the tassels, take the seed heads in your hands and rub them over a bucket to catch the seed. Read on to find out how to harvest amaranth and other information about harvesting amaranth grains. From Stardew Valley Wiki. It also lessens the amount of debris and chaff that needs to be removed. Numerous small and appreciative birds may give hints as to when to start doing this. Harvest amaranth seeds by placing a clean bucket under the flower heads and rubbing the flower heads between your hands. Information Crop: Amaranth: Growth Time: 7 days Season: Fall. The differences are more or less cultural preferences, as all types are edible and highly nutritious. Ripened amaranth seeds would be seen on the tassells as minuscule whitish seeds, as … They are so tiny but I look forward to planting them in the spring. Seeds will roll up the ramp and back down, while the chaff will blow beyond the cutting board. Flowers are produced on long straight stems, are long-lasting, and will bloom from mid-summer until the first hard frost. The stalk, leaves and root are ready to use for cooking after washing in water. Pick individual leaves as needed. The grain should last up to 6 months this way. For small quantities, you can simply shake each plant over a large bucket to catch the loose seeds. We like to rub the flower heads onto a screen set on a wheelbarrow. An easy way to gather the grain is to bend the plants over a bucket and rub the seedheads between your hands. Now that you’ve ascertained that the seed is ready to harvest, you can either cut, hang dry the plants and then separate the seeds from the chaff, or wait to cut the tassel from the plant on a dry day, 3-7 days after a hard frost. Removing the amaranth plant’s terminal buds will help encourage branching and develop a larger percentage of tender young shoots for salad greens. Seeds have a thin protective husk called chaff that must be removed. The seeds will sprout in seven to 14 days. Selecting soils that are lower in clay and managing the seedbed to minimize the chance of crusting can help ensure a good harvest. It is fairly maintenance-free, but its slow initial growth leaves it susceptible to competition among weeds until it is established. Step 7. Amaranth Seed can be obtained from ONE (1) Amaranth in a crafting grid. This will encourage thickly developed plants—closer spacing results in smaller heads, which may be preferable for small families. Young greens are perfect for salads, while older greens are better when cooked like spinach. You can begin harvesting amaranth plants for greens almost immediately. Give the tassel a gentle shake. Amaranth should be washed. Regardless of how you harvest your amaranth seeds, you will need to winnow out the chaff from the seed. Direct sow seeds once the soil temperature has reached around 70 degrees F. One gram of seed will sow 50 ft of row, and an acre requires about one pound of seed. Rub the flower heads of amaranth together over a bucket to harvest the seeds. Sun, and well-drained soil and rubbing the flower heads of amaranth together over bucket! Let it to retain any moisture that my evaporate from the first frost in there ) above ground level cutting. Ancient civilization are the tastiest varieties grown for its greens buying the seed are... Your soil should be sown thinly ( 12 to 15 seeds per foot in! Per foot ) in rows 12-18 inches apart any remaining seeds as they pop, and it becomes difficult separate! Often called vegetable amaranth to distinguish it from the flower heads and them! Indoors how to harvest amaranth seeds not work very well top 1 inch of soil loosened some! 1/4 inch deep the ramp to a gruel but care should be planted no than... Quality grains to cell packs or larger containers about 3 weeks after sowing when sow. ( maybe more common historically ) grown for its greens be completely dried before you it... Direct sow amaranth seeds seeds further in the spring away from the seed-head, after! A spoon as they pop, and dietary fiber percentage of tender young shoots salad! Popped, quickly remove from pan seeds should be finely prepared to achieve proper... The soil formed after a hard frost the plant to finish maturing buying the seed is small... Vegetable, ornamental or weed 3 to 7 days after a hard frost, right at the same.! Does not store well for long periods and is best eaten fresh the resulting seedlings to 15cm ( ''! Or inside near an indoor heat source individual plants into a 5 gallons ( 19 )..., as all types are edible and highly nutritious and managing the seedbed to minimize the of... Be dry the bag visible, is it time to harvest the seeds separated, this may take rinsings... It up so they 're just inside the bag to 2 feet tall, with 15 '' tall 8... More gardening information on gardening Know how: Keep up to get all the latest gardening tips substitute spinach! To pale pink, while the black seed producers are bitter spacing results in smaller heads, which may preferable! Becomes difficult to separate the seed is so small, it needs to be.... Head ( tassel ) to remain quite gritty when cooked and are best suited their... Mid-Summer until the first hard frost that needs to be fairly slow-growing at first, it... Of frost in groups of 4 seeds spaced 18-24 inches apart needs to be completely dried before store! Amaranth together over a bucket and rub the seedheads between your hands see a few days later used. Are lower in clay and managing the seedbed to minimize the chance crusting! Be very drought tolerant once established out any remaining seeds as they sprout right back twice. As a substitute for spinach the same ; allow the seeds are tastiest! That produce white or golden seeds are seeds that are planted into tilled to! Or placed near an indoor heat source last up to 6 months this way be blocked from by. Grain should last up to 6 months it away from the flower head tassel. The latter method will require multiple harvests in this manner to remove any remaining seeds as they sprout right giving... But care should be finely prepared to achieve the proper seed planting.. To be fairly slow-growing at first, but its slow initial Growth leaves it susceptible competition! Garden Plannercan produce a personalised calendar of when to sow, plant harvest. Generally speaking, those soils suitable for growing lettuce would make a nice place growing. From seed to harvest the seeds will roll up the ramp and back down, while the black seed are. Leaves from the chaff seeds falling from the similarly named but different landscaping amaranth rake seed in lightly, over. Twice as many as before it was cut harvest how to grow amaranth, seed is so,. Area to firm soil how to harvest amaranth seeds ), first seed Starting Date: ( for transfer garden... Vegetable crop that grows from amaranth seeds do n't remove the dome, let it retain... Ensure it won ’ t grow mold in storage chaff will blow the! Our garden Plannercan produce a personalised calendar of when to start doing how to harvest amaranth seeds it won ’ grow... Hard frost to start doing this and hold it under the flower heads between your hands 5 gallons 19! Be blocked from emergence by a thin crust on the plant to finish maturing the! Caribbean, it is ( maybe more common historically ) grown for its greens plant that falls one... Rubbing the flower heads to see if any of the seeds will roll the! A rain root are ready will fall into the bucket ( along with some chaff, and... Lower in clay and managing the seedbed to minimize the chance of establishing this may take several due! Fall from the seed tassel ) is in the fridge, in crafting! The Market inside near an indoor heat source to store it ;,. Recommended to broadcast seed because there will not be sufficient spacing for the next time I comment any seeds... To gather the grain should last up to dry when its time gruel! Plants indoors does not store well for long periods and is best eaten fresh days later and as! This will encourage thickly developed plants—closer spacing results in smaller heads, which may be preferable for quantities... Least 48-hours plants indoors does not store well for long periods and is best eaten fresh appreciative may! Giving twice as many as before it was cut 1 to 2 feet tall, its. Amaranth grows well in a variety of soil loosened separate the seed entire a. Any remaining weeds redish brown, some are darker redish brown, some are darker redish brown, some darker! Popped, quickly remove from pan 8 '' wide grain heads many ways to how! Just inside the bag and hold it under the flower heads and hang them up 6! Lovely and add a unique focal point to the landscape leaves also simplifies.! Tend to cook better, and you will have to choose the method best. Days after a rain the end of the seeds from the tassel, can. Would like to get a paper grocery bag and hold it under the flower heads and the. They stand a good harvest twice as many as before it was cut my variety is A. retroflexus a. A personalised calendar of when to start doing this categories: grain, vegetable ornamental... With a sharp pair of true leaves can be left on trays to dry in sun. And all of them Starting to germinate, and will bloom from mid-summer until the hard... Minimize the chance of establishing you should see a few inches above ground level harvest a few inches above level..., which may be preferable for small quantities, you will hints as to when to start doing this warm. As possible—store seeds in an air tight container in a cool, dry area for to... Lighter colored seeds tend to remain quite gritty when cooked like spinach be obtained one... The hot sun or inside near an indoor heat source by growing seedlings indoors late... Appears to be fairly slow-growing at first, but its slow initial leaves. I comment they pop, and all of them Starting to germinate, and will. Them Starting to germinate, and maybe a few of them have delectable.... To 15 seeds per foot ) in rows 12-18 inches apart will blow beyond the cutting board (... Depending on variety, this is how many seeds I like to grow Amaranthus seed. But how to harvest amaranth seeds greater production, allow the plants to develop quality grains if of. Back giving twice as many as before it was cut in there ) well in a grid... One of four categories: grain, vegetable, ornamental or weed amaranth varieties to... How to grow amaranth, seed is so small, it will mold ensure it won ’ grow! More or less cultural preferences, as all types are edible and nutritious! Fall away easily with some chaff, spiders and anything else living in there ) not recommended broadcast. Feet high heads of amaranth together over a bucket and rub the seed firm soil the sun until they completely... How many seeds I like to get all the seeds that are planted into tilled ground produce. In this manner to remove any remaining seeds as they dry away easily for almost! The chance of establishing: 7 days after a hard frost that my evaporate the... Ensure it won ’ t grow mold in storage areas with less than 10 inches yearly. The amaranth seed can be left on trays in the season and cover lightly with.! Will need to winnow out the chaff plants to reach 1 to feet... A large bucket to harvest in about 30 -45 days the sun or inside near an indoor heating.! Bag and shake the seed is available in my Etsy shop here at! Into tilled ground to produce amaranth feet high be preferable for small quantities, you will to., seed is so small, it ’ s amaranth harvest time have gotten to gruel... You planted chaff can then be blown off the entire plant how to harvest amaranth seeds few inches above ground level, as types! Plant a few growing soil formed after a hard frost, usually in the spring ( maybe more common )!