The expedition explored extensively along the coast near the bases and claimed this land as British territory. Au cours du siècle suivant, de nombreuses météorites ont été découvertes en Antarctique. Il est toujours considéré comme le meilleur de l'histoire du Canada. They were bound for Macquarie Island and the then unknown parts of Antarctica. L'expédition antarctique australasienne (en anglais : Australasian Antarctic Expedition), dit expédition Aurora ou expédition Mawson[1], est une expédition australasienne — principalement australienne — en Antarctique. Ce deuxième groupe de huit hommes dirigé par Frank Wild cartographiera 250 miles de côtes, découvrant notamment un lieu de reproduction de manchots à l'instar du cap Crozier près de l'île Haswell[4]. The Australasian Antarctic Expedition (AAE) was an Australasian scientific team that explored part of Antarctica between 1911 and 1914. How and why Douglas Mawson organised the first Australasian Antarctic Expedition. He was in the small party that were the first to reach the South Magnetic Pole. Les hommes choisis par Mawson furent essentiellement sélectionnés dans des universités australiennes et néo-zélandaises[2]. Named by Australasian Antarctic Expedition after the Commonwealth of Australia. Being the story of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition Bob Bage and J. Elle fut menée entre 1911 et 1914 par Douglas Mawson dans le cadre de l'exploration et de la cartographie d'une partie quasiment inexplorée de la côte de l'Antarctique située au sud de l'Australie, entre le cap Adare et le mont Gauss[2]. Preparation. Les survivants, Mawson et Mertz ont commencé un voyage de retour, au cours duquel ils mangeaient les autres chiens pour se nourrir. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library: referencedIn: Hodgeman, A. J. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 7 décembre 2020 à 19:04. Le navire continua vers l'ouest le long de la côte pour établir une base secondaire la banquise de Shackleton. Plusieurs autres navires brise-glace sont déroutés pour l'aider[7]. Australasian Antarctic Expedition 1911-13 – in pictures. (Alfred James). Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre La cabane principale de Cape Denison. your own Pins on Pinterest Full interactive and multimedia coverage as the Guardian joins the 2013-2014 Australasian Antarctic Expedition, which commemorates the centenary of the first AAE led by Sir Douglas Mawson Une autre petite base fut établie sur l'île Macquarie. L'explorateur, six chiens et le traîneau contenant la plupart de la nourriture fut perdu. The Australasian Antarctic Expedition was a 1911–1914 expedition headed by Douglas Mawson that explored the largely uncharted Antarctic coast due south of Australia.Mawson had been inspired to lead his own venture by his experiences on Ernest Shackleton's Nimrod expedition in 1907–1909. Elle fut nommée par l'expédition d'après le Commonwealth d'Australie. Circa 1911-1914. The Australasian Antarctic Expedition (1911 to 1914) was the first Australian-led expedition to Antarctica. Jan 2, 2014 - This Pin was discovered by Briana Ross. The home of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition 1911 to 1914. L'emplacement choisi par Mawson pour le camp de base principal, au cap Denison, s'est avéré être l'un des endroits sur Terre avec les vents les plus forts et avec une morphologie locale favorisant la génération de conditions de vent catabatique quasi-continu. Edward FR Bage (Australia) — Astronomer, Assistant…, Able seaman Bert Lincoln and fireman Stanley Taylor sailed with Davis on the November 1912 to March 1913 voyage, tasked with…, The Home of the Blizzard Des chercheurs ont envisagé, bien plus tard, un surdosage toxique en vitamine A provenant du foie des huskies. Un groupe de dix-huit hommes[4] monta la base principale sur place, la Mawson's Huts, sans se douter que le blizzard rend particulièrement la vie difficile dans cette zone. Mawson's Australasian Antarctic expedition successfully established bases at Commonwealth Bay and the Shackleton Ice Shelf. Most of Mawson’s 1911–12 Australasian Antarctic Expedition (AAE) footage was shot by Frank Hurley and later edited and produced by the Gaumont Company. Elle fut menée entre 1911 et 1914 par Douglas Mawson dans le cadre de l'exploration et de la cartographie d'une partie quasiment inexplorée de la côte de l'Antarctique située au sud de l'Australie, entre le cap Adare et le mont Gauss . Australasian-Antarctic Expedition (1911-1914). Mawson was a committed scientist and excellent leader, with the foresight to also introduce radio to Antarctica to report weather phenomena. Après l'entrée dans le pack, après avoir longé la côte proche de la terre Adélie, le navire mouilla au cap Denison[4] dans la baie du Commonwealth. This poster probably dates from Gaumont’s first 1912 release version of the AAE film in Sydney. The Australasian Antarctic Expedition was a 1911–1914 expedition headed by Douglas Mawson that explored the largely uncharted Antarctic coast due south of Australia. F. Bickerton looking out over seas near Commonwealth Bay. A member of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition leans into a 100 m.p.h. Circa 1911-1914. L'appareil, encore visible en 1975[6], était pris dans les glaces et la marée basse du jour de l'an, a permis de découvrir partiellement l'avion[6]. We pay our respects to their Elders past, present and emerging. 1911–1914 The Australasian Antarctic Expedition's Frank Bickerton looking out over the sea from Commonwealth Bay. Hunter traveling through unexplored land on their sledges. Mawson recruited a team of scientists from Australia and New Zealand for the expedition. Fin 2013 début 2014, le MV Akademik Chokalski réalise une expédition-croisière organisée par le climatologue Chris Turney de l'université de Nouvelle-Galles du Sud sur les traces de l'expédition Aurora[7]. 1911-1914 Australasian Antarctic Expedition leaves Hobart on 2nd December 1911 aboard the S.Y. Bob Bage and J. Young Australian geologist Douglas Mawson had been part of Shackleton’s Nimrod expedition in 1907. Wikipedia List … Mawson choisi de monter sa propre expédition malgré la proposition de Robert Falcon Scott alors en train de préparer l'expédition Terra Nova[3]. Mawson est rentré à la base, malade également, avec quelques échantillons géologiques, mais avec une réserve alimentaire minime pour faire les venteux 160 km jusqu'à la Mawson's Huts. L'expédition apporte avec elle un avion monoplace qui est le premier fabriqué par la firme Vickers[6]. Known to be one of the windiest regions in the world, Cape Denison and the iconic Mawson’s Huts are located on the Antarctic coast, about 4000km south of mainland Australia. Expédition antarctique australasienne - Australasian Antarctic Expedition. The brainchild of Douglas Mawson, who was inspired by his role in Ernest Shackleton's Nimrod expedition in 1907–1909 to lead an expedition of his own. … A research expedition, it was led by Australian geologist Sir Douglas Mawson. State Library of New South Wales. At 4pm the cry of ‘ice on the starboard bow!’ was raised. Mawson's Australasian Antarctic expedition successfully established bases at Commonwealth Bay and the Shackleton Ice Shelf. Scott avait été impressionné de sa participation à l'expédition Nimrod d'Ernest Shackleton mais Scott ne pouvait inclure les objectifs de l'Australien dans les siens[2]. Huskies pulling sledge. Mertz devenu délirant à cause du scorbut et finalement mort pendant le retour, laissa Mawson seul survivant. Australasian Antarctic Expedition 1911-1914 The Australasian Antarctic Expedition 1911-1914 was organised by South Australian scientist Douglas Mawson. It was led by the Australian geologist Douglas Mawson, who was knighted for his achievements in leading the expedition.In 1910 he began to plan an expedition to chart the 3,200-kilometre-long (2,000 mi) coastline of Antarctica to the south of Australia. Putting this extra time to good use, the Australasian Antarctic Expedition finally explored more than 3000 kilometres of Antarctic coastline, collecting valuable scientific data and specimens about the region’s geology, biology, geomagnetism, oceanography and meteorology – and laying down Australia’s claim to part of this great southern wilderness. L'expédition antarctique australasienne (en anglais : Australasian Antarctic Expedition), dit expédition Aurora ou expédition Mawson , est une expédition australasienne — principalement australienne — en Antarctique. The Australasian Antarctic Expedition was an Australasian scientific team that explored part of Antarctica between 1911 and 1914. Selon Edmund Hillary, ce dernier voyage est le plus impressionnant des voyages en solitaire en Antarctique[5]. Clothing. Au cours d'un parcours en traîneau, le traîneau tiré par Ninnis tomba dans une crevasse. With regard to the clothing, the main bulk was of woollen material as supplied by Jaeger of London. He was in the small party that were the first to reach the South Magnetic Pole. Traductions en contexte de "Australasian" en anglais-français avec Reverso Context : Stillwell was educated at Melbourne University and joined the Australasian Antarctic Expedition (1911 … While other expeditions had started out from Australia in the 1890s, they had been financed and led from elsewhere. 18 of 34. Une expédition australienne de la Mawson's Huts Foundation partit sur les traces de Mawson en 2009 et 2010, a retrouvé la carcasse de l'avion grâce à des appareils à résonance magnétique nucléaire et à un coup de chance[6]. L'Aurora transporte un engin de communications sans fil de la compagnie Marconi et un autre est installé au cape Denison, mais en raison de la nature compétitive de l'exploration de l'Antarctique, les transmissions sont volontairement limitées. Mawson and cohorts set out to explore Antarctica with the intention of gathering specimens and to make scientific observations of the continent. First Australasian Antarctic Expedition (1911-1914) In 1911 a group of scientists and adventurers left Hobart under the leadership of Dr Douglas Mawson. L'équipement utilisé est un émetteur à étincelles Telefunken de 1,5 kW et une antenne en T. Les conditions atmosphériques associées à l'aurore polaire interférent à maintes reprises avec les transmissions radio, mais les équipes de l'expédition peuvent généralement recevoir des nouvelles du monde extérieur raisonnablement régulièrement via la station relais de l'île Macquarie. 17 of 34. Douglas Mawson (Australia) — Expedition leader Main Antarctic base Néanmoins, le résultat du « tracteur des neiges » est décevant car le moteur souffrait des basses températures[6]. Blizzard, the pup in Antarctica . ,6 AUSTRALASIAN ANTARCTIC'EXPEDITION., I (syn. In 1929–1931 further extensive claims to sovereignty were made by the British, Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition (BANZARE) again led by Douglas Mawson. I think it may be called the finest thing in Australasian history. The Australasian Antarctic Expedition under Douglas Mawson – the pre-eminent scientific expedition of its time to South Polar regions – happened when Australia was little more than a decade old. Media in category "Australasian Antarctic Expedition" The following 200 files are in this category, out of 201 total. L'expédition est connue pour avoir réalisé la première découverte d'une météorite, une chondrite, à 30 kilomètres à l'ouest du cap Denison. Mawson was fixated with Antarctica and the discoveries that could be made there, so began organising an Australian venture. En effet, le blizzard y souffle 285 jours par an[4]. Wreck of the ‘Gratitude', Macquarie Island, 1911. Appendix VII: Equipment. … The Australasian Antarctic Expedition (AAE) was an Australasian scientific team that explored part of Antarctica between 1911 and 1914. To…, British, Australian, New Zealand Antarctic Research Expeditions 1929–31, Australian National Antarctic Research Expedition, Australasian Antarctic Expedition 1911–14, Environmental Impact Assessment approvals, Australia and the Antarctic Treaty System, Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources, What happens before departure & on arrival at station, Message for family and friends of expeditioners, Classification of scientific publications, Antarctic Strategy and Action Plan: Prime Minister’s Foreword, British, Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition (BANZARE), Home of the Blizzard: the Australasian Antarctic Expedition. It was led by the Australian geologist Douglas Mawson, who was knighted for his achievements in leading the expedition.In 1910 he began to plan an expedition to chart the 2000-mile long coastline of Antarctica to the south of Australia. Hunter at 65 miles south. L'appareil avait donc été abandonné au cap Denison[6]. E. crist?,tus). The AAE has joined the ranks of those expeditions that are legendary for the sheer tenacity of spirit, physical endurance, loyalty and accomplishment that was achieved under profoundly difficult circumstances. Australian Antarctic expeditions New map and poster commemorates the Australasian Antarctic Expedition Chris Carson www.ga.gov.au/ausgeonews | This year marks the 100th anniversary of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition (AAE, 1911–1914) which was organised and led by the eminent geologist Dr (later Sir) Douglas Mawson. Field photographs, 1911-1914. Share on Facebook; Share on Twitter; Share via Email; Eschewing the race for the South … In 1911, the men sailed for Antarctica on board the SY Aurora. Unlike other Antarctic explorers, he was not aiming for the South Pole; he was most interested in the part of Antarctica lying directly below Australia, in what he called the Australian quadrant. L'avion équipé de skis est toutefois emmené, sans ailes, afin de tracter grâce à son moteur de lourdes charges[6]. Shags defending nest, Macquarie Island. Discover (and save!) Âge héroïque de l'exploration en Antarctique, Australian Association for the Advancement of Science, Liste des membres de l'expédition antarctique australasienne, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Expédition_antarctique_australasienne&oldid=177387988, Catégorie Commons avec lien local identique sur Wikidata, Article contenant un appel à traduction en anglais, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence, Promotion avec 3 AdQ, 5 BA et 9 non labellisés. One of its major sponsors was the Royal Australasian Ornithologists Union. Longitudinal and transverse section plan of the Macquarie island Hut [cartographic material] / A. J. Hodgeman. The expedition … Le brise-glace se retrouve bloqué dans les glaces de la baie du Commonwealth une dizaine de jours avec 52 passagers à son bord[7]. Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment. (previous page) (The icy face of a member of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition team, 1911-1914) (6173954630).jpg 811 × 1,024; 151 KB. The Australasian Antarctic Expedition was a 1911–1914 expedition headed by Douglas Mawson that explored the largely uncharted Antarctic coast … 16 of 34. Photo: Wikicommons. L' expédition antarctique australasienne était une expédition de 1911-1914 dirigée par Douglas Mawson qui a exploré la côte antarctique largement inexplorée au sud de l' Australie. Mawson exposa ses plans lors d'un voyage en Europe en février 1910[2]. Hypothermie, quasi-famine et épuisement constituent les raisons les plus probables de la mort de Mertz. State Library of New South Wales. The planning, financing and crewing of this expedition can be read in detail at the Australian Antarctic Division’s Home of the Blizzard website which has been established to honour the centenary of the Australasian Antarctic expedition (AAE). By Sir Douglas Mawson L’Aurora quitta Hobart le 2 décembre 1911[4]. the Chathams, and the Snares, but not,on Macq~arie. Mawson was fixated with Antarctica and the discoveries that could be made there, so began organising an Australian venture. L'Australian Association for the Advancement of Science, la Royal Geographical Society et les gouvernements des pays du Commonwealth apportèrent une contribution financière à l'expédition et une souscription publique fut organisée[2]. Hillary was referring to the 1912 expedition of Australian explorer Douglas Mawson and his fellow members of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition (AAE). It is hard to imagine today just what a leap into the unknown Mawson was taking, and the huge store of scientific knowledge that was derived from that expedition continues to impress greatly. Gaumont released a second Australian version of the AAE official film, with additional footage, in 1913. The Australasian Antarctic Expedition lasted from 1911 to 1914 and explored previously unknown areas of Antarctica. The true Vktoria pen~uin,.wlll~hit resemlJ-Ies, occurs on the coasts of southern New Zealand, Stewart Island! Comme le commandant de l'expédition, Douglas Mawson, est lui-même géologue, l'examen des formations rocheuses accessibles — non recouvertes de glace — de la terre de Wilkes est un élément clé de l'expédition. The Australasian Antarctic Expedition, under the leadership of Douglas Mawson, left Hobart, … (steam yacht) Aurora More about the Aurora Pack ice first sighted on 31st Dec 1911 The Aurora seen from within a cavern of the Mertz Glacier Tongue, Commonwealth Bay, Adelie Land Bickerton overlooking ice forming in Commonwealth Bay Mawson main base 1911 Inside living quarters Inside living … Parmi les membres de l'expédition se trouvent Mawson, le photographe Frank Hurley, le responsable de la base ouest Frank Wild, le géologue Charles Hoadley, le capitaine du navire Aurora John King Davis, le météorologue Cecil Madigan, Xavier Mertz et Belgrave Edward Sutton Ninnis. So Mawson promulgated his own Australasian Antarctic Expedition. C'est encore le début de l'aviation et l'appareil est l'un des premiers à voler dans le monde[6]. He initially envisaged three land parties, but modified this to two: the main party of 18, under Mawson, was based in Adélie Land, and the western party of … 1912. A mushroom ice formation. The objectives We acknowledge the Traditional Owners of country throughout Australia and recognise their continuing connection to land, waters and culture. It was led by the Australian geologist Douglas Mawson, who was knighted for his achievements in leading the expedition.In 1910 he began to plan an expedition to chart the 3,200-kilometre-long (2,000 mi) coastline of Antarctica to the south of Australia. Home About Antarctica History Exploration and expeditions Australasian Antarctic Expedition 1911–14 The Home of the Blizzard book Appendix VII. Young Australian geologist Douglas Mawson had been part of Shackleton’s Nimrod expedition in 1907. Des pièces de l'avion seront ramenées en Australie[6], probablement pour être exposées. State Library of New South Wales. Australasian Antarctic Expedition 1911-14 The Expedition story Having taken part in Shackleton's 1907-09 Nimrod expedition, geologist Douglas Mawson, came up with a plan to launch a purely Australian Expedition to explore that part of Antarctica directly below Australia. Prévoyant d'effectuer le premier vol au-dessus de l'Antarctique[6], l'avion est malheureusement abîmé avant son arrivée sur le continent lors d'un vol d'essai en Australie[6]. Mawson had participated in Shackleton's earlier British Antarctic Expedition, and had been invited to join Scott's ill-fated expedition but chose to organise his own Australian-based one. wind at base camp to hack out ice for cooking. For Aurora, the ship of Douglas Mawson’s Australasian Antarctic Expedition, the weather was dull and foggy on 29 December, 1911, however they were about to have their first icy experience. Land as British territory by Briana Ross ailes, afin de tracter grâce son! 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