Pretend you have to download all 10,000 URLs, one command a time. The syntax for for loops can be confusing, so here are some basic examples to prep/refresh your comprehension of them: Here's a more elaborate version using variables: A command substitution can be used to generate the items that the for loop iterates across: If you need to read a list of lines from a file, and are absolutely sure that none of the lines contain a space within them: A read-while loop is a variation of the above, but is safer for reading lines from a file: Let's start from a beginning, with a very minimal for loop, and then built it into something more elaborate, to help us get an understanding of their purpose. Teach it to prompt for “Yes/No” confirmation. Because cat prints a file line-by-line, the following for loop seems sensible: However, the command substitution will cause cat to split words by space. Method 1: Using Input Redirector. See the Bash Console: Output: What will happen if we don't pass any variable with the read command? “linux bash script while read file into variable” Code Answer . bash terminal. CONTROL-COMMAND can be any command(s) that can exit with a success or failure status. How about the second? The loop is one of the most fundamental and powerful constructs in computing, because it allows us to repeat a set of commands, as many times as we want, upon a list of items of our choosing. done < somefile, Copyright © 2011-2020 | Cette forme ne conserve pas les blancs en début et fin de ligne. 「bashでwhile read lineを使うと1行ずつ入力を読み込めて便利だったと思うのですが、書き方を忘れました。正しい書き方はどのようにすればいいでしょう?コピペで利用可能な例が見たいです。」 こんな疑問を解決します。 本記事の内容. That's a lot of typing. The general while read line construction that can be used in Bash scripts: The same construction in one line (easy to use on the Linux command line): As example lets print all users from the /etc/passwd file: You can change it to the more appropriate name, depending on the contents of a FILE. de stdin . Instead, a multi-step task is being done for each URL. I will also show an example of the Bash script that reads an input file line by line and prints each line with some appended text. Best, A bit more compact would be: Exemple : Le script suivant demande de saisir 53 et continue tant que c'est faux $ nl 1 #!/bin/bash 2 nbr=0 3 while ((nbr!=53)) 4 do Loops are handy when you want to run a series of commands a number of times until a particular condition is met. The -r option to read command disables backslash escaping (e.g., \n, \t). This is basically what the art of data-collection and management. Yes it should have. / bin / bash while read line do echo-e "$ line \ n" done