This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Ketema, Seyfu, “Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops”; International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Addis Abeba, Ethiopia. He is now a Better Oats convert! Most these studies conclude that the prevalence is increasing for Ethiopians both at home and abroad as their lifestyles (e.g. There are several varieties of teff, each with characteristics best suited to specific conditions. Although teff is found in almost all cereal growing areas of Ethiopia, the major areas of production are the central and highland areas. (*note that the online reference used as source for the information in this preceding paragraph is no longer found). The different grains used vary widely. Teff also gets on especially well with banana, caramel, oats, nuts, honey but especially chocolate, like in these Mini Chocolate Peppermint Bundts. It would seem that because of its superior nutritional qualities, teff would be available to all persons in Ethiopia to make engera. I don’t know when I’d dare to taste another again. Add olive oil, ground chia seed, apple cider vinegar, ground flax seed, and ground psyllium husk to the yeast mixture. In a large bowl, beat egg and whisk in the oil, sugar, milk, and almond extract. It is always better to buy plain, unflavored oats. Sticky Ginger and Whisky Cake with Lime Drizzle, Pecan Espresso Granola {gluten-free, refined sugar-free, vegan}, Mince Pie Cupcakes with Mincemeat & Brandy Buttercream, Decadent Chocolate Hazelnut Cake {gluten-free}, Traditional Gluten-Free Christmas Pudding, Ivory teff – mild and slightly sweet flavour. As well, some teff varieties grown in Ethiopia require a longer growing season than growing season in North America. Drop scant 1/4 cup scoops of dough onto the pans at least 2 inches apart.   Varieties . The main reason for using teff flour though is its wonderful malty molasses-like taste. Teff flour is also the perfect flour to use in your Christmas Pudding as it goes so well with the richly spiced flavours. Any medical decisions should be made in consultation with your doctors. Teff is naturally gluten-free but be wary of ordering injera in your local Ethiopian restaurant as it has more than likely been cut with wheat to be made more economically. A 25-pound bag of teff flour grown in Caldwell, Idaho can be purchased for around $40. Teff is well known by Ethiopians and Eritreans for its superior nutritional quality. They cook faster than the others and have a more soft and mushy texture. It contains 11% protein, 80% complex carbohydrate and 3% fat. Last summer I planted teff in a field that had alfalfa previously and it was a great crop. The prestige associated with consuming white teff, as well as its more stringent growing conditions, contributes to the increased cost of white teff. The preferred staple in the Ethiopian and Eritrean diet is engera/injera (pronounced en-jer-a, and sometimes spelled injera), a flat sour-like fermented pancake that is used with “wot”, a stew made with spices, meats and pulses, such as lentils, beans and split peas. In achieving blood glucose control among the Ethiopian immigrant population in Seattle understanding the content and variety of grains used locally to make engera is critical. The arid lowland areas of Ethiopia support minimal teff production. I got to thinking I wonder if I could no till teff with the small seed box on my JD 1590 no till drill? Teff flour is not a gelatinous flour so cannot mimic the qualities of gluten. The Ethiopian Commodity Exchange reported that farm households consume about 60% of wheat produced; 20% is sold; and the remainder is used for seed, in-kind payments for labor, and animal feed. Stir oats, teff, cinnamon, and baking soda in a medium bowl. Teff is well adapted to the heavy, well-drained, clay soil (vertisol) areas of the Ethiopian highlands where most other cereal crops cannot be grown easily. Commercial production of teff has been happening in Idaho for 25 years, supplying the Ethiopian community in the United States for that time. Due to its drought-resistant characteristics, the best-suited grains for these growing conditions are sorghum and pearl millet. Teff flour is also the perfect flour to use in your Christmas Pudding as it goes so well with the richly spiced flavours. As a result of the increased demands for teff in Ethiopia and the rising popularity of teff as an alternative grain in the U.S., agricultural practices to support increased growth of this crop are needed. Hi Dianne, you can certainly substitute teff flour for other flours. I was thrown into chaos……what can I eat now. The 130th Annual Meeting of APHA, November 12, 2002. Other grains grown in Ethiopia and Eritrea include barley, sorghum, wheat, and maize/corn. The 12-hour light schedule that is found in equatorial regions of the world, such as Ethiopia and Eritrea, is the ideal sunlight requirement for flowering and seed formation of the plant. The average iron content of teff is 62.71mg/4oz grain. Oats can also refer to steel cut oats. Fermentation of engera varies and depends on the families’ taste preferences. These oats are pre-cooked, dried, rolled, and then pressed slightly thinner than rolled oats that aren’t labeled quick cooking. Abstract #40695. The data composition tables available were not able to differentiate the iron content between red and white teff. Other recipes use a variety of grains including barley, rice, corn, millet and teff flour. But if you are an Organic oat drink fan who generally likes things that are better than they were before, then this is the product for you. Hello Georgina, However the most common might might come across are: Teff flour bakes up superbly but it can have a slightly grainy consistency. Firstly, if I can’t buy your Teff flour here in Australia, would you like to suggest something else as a suitable substitute. Malty teff and hearty oats add toothsome texture and flavor to these chunky chocolate chip cookies. Guttman N and Jaffe A. Teff comes in several varieties generally identified by the color of the seed. Related to its small size, the grain cannot be separated into germ, bran and endosperm to create a variety of other products. The teff grain is cooked up into porridge and used in savoury dishes, however the flour is mostly used for injera. Red/brown teff, the least expensive form and the least preferred type, has the highest iron content. Teff is a tiny, round, khaki-colored grain closely resembling millet. You can see the list on my Gluten-Free Flour Cheatsheet which you should have if you are on the mailing list. You might want to stop reading now to avoid further disappointment. How much a role the Green Revolution has played in adapting varieties of teff to the climatic conditions of North America is unknown. It also has good amounts of magnesium, manganese, and phosphorus—about 16%, 32%, and 15% respectively. Teff grows best in moderate altitude levels. Otherwise you are best to blend it in your bake with a more ‘sticky’ flour like sweet rice flour or tapioca flour. Some people continue to make their own injera at home while others rely on store-bought injera. Oats provide us with slow-release carbohydrates that give us energy, B vitamins and beta glucan, a type of fibre that keeps 'bad' cholesterol levels in check inside the body. Oat hay is tough and yellowish in color with more hollow stalks than the traditional 2 nd cut Timothy. I live at Phillip Island, Victoria, Australia. Today in Ethiopia, red teff is becoming more popular related to its increased iron content. In a small milk warmer I simply add a tablespoon (or two) of Tobia Teff Flakes, 25g of oats or muesli and then cover it with hot water to cook. My name is Dianne (Di) and I’ve just joined your email mailing list. Other researchers have looked at diabetes in the Ethiopian Jewish immigrants to Israel, a subset of the Ethiopian population. Quality Carbs. So, after 86 bales are gone, I can honestly tout the wonders of Teff. Teff is also an excellent source of fiber and iron, and has many times the amount of calcium, potassium and other essential minerals found in an equal amount of other grains. And have another cup of coffee for me. One of the researchers in Israel Guttman, noted in 2002 (1), “Early detection and effective management of diabetes in the Israeli Ethiopian community require in-depth appreciation of its beliefs and traditions. Next I’d like to know…..Rice flour….. I’ve bought a small packet and it just says Rice Flour on the packet, nothing about sweet rice four, I’d never heard of sweet rice flour. If you are substituting teff flour you want to choose another wholegrain flour like oat flour or sorghum. They will produce different results in the structure and texture of your bake and cannot be used interchangeably. And my second question is……how much psyllium husk would I use when making a cake……say for instance a carrot cake. I found sweet rice flour at an Asian grocery shop, along with potato starch and it is very affordable, about $2.00 a bag. Harborview Medical Center and UW Medicine will not be liable for any complication, injuries or other medical accidents arising from or in connection with the use of or reliance upon information on this website. Wheat is maligned these days but only because it has become a commercialized and industrialized commodity. I don’t know how easily available sweet rice flour is in Australia but it is the most used flour in my kitchen for everyday use, not just baking. There is little published research about the risk and prevalence of diabetes among Ethiopian immigrants in the United States or other Western countries. Now, if I can’t get sweet, and I’m not too sure I want my pantry full of different flours, couldn’t I just sift in some icing sugar, which is obviously a soft powder. Good sales and we now have customers who says they will buy every bale of teff I can produce. 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