The dentine in tooth 4 us twice as wide as the enamel. Field Guide to Aging White-Tailed Deer Indiana Department of Natural Resources 0.5 year old 1.5 year old 1.5 year old 1.5 year old Any deer with less than 6 cheek teeth is a fawn. Once the deer is harvested, the teeth and physical (body) characteristics can be used to cross reference one another so that hunters on the property become calibrated to how a middle-aged or mature buck, for example, look in the field. Their bodies are muscular and filled out, which actually makes their legs now appear too short. Based on which teeth are present, deer harvested during the fall hunting season can be placed into one of three general age classes: fawn, 11/ 2 years old (sometimes referred to as “yearling”) and adult. Infundibulum in tooth 6 is a narrow crescent shape. This is why learning to judge age by body characteristics is so important, because a one-year-old with great characteristics is the exact buck you want to … Once a deer hits 6 years of age, tooth 4 is worn completely smooth — no enamel ridge should be visible in the center of tooth 4. As a deer continues growing through its second year of life, its permanent premolars are lost and replaced, much like our baby teeth drop out in our younger years. xref Since deer are born around April or May, their age during hunting season is usually six months (a fawn), 1.5 years (a yearling), 2.5 years, etc. Aging Deer on the Hoof. Commonly, a broken mouth cow is a cow that has lost one tooth due to age. Adult deer have 32 teeth. “Once you determine a deer is at least 2.5 years, then you look at the amount of wear on the molars to estimate age. Generally, as deer age, the tooth enamel wears down exposing more dentine, and the lingual crests become more blunt. On a  3 1/2 year old deer, the lingual crest on tooth 4 is blunt. endstream endobj 174 0 obj <>/Size 157/Type/XRef>>stream This is the clearest explanation I have seen. 0000001317 00000 n endstream endobj 167 0 obj <> endobj 168 0 obj <> endobj 169 0 obj <>stream They will be 6-7 months of age during the hunting season of the year they were born. Lingual crests, or the pointy ends of molars, are sharp when the teeth fi… Lingual crest in the tooth ridge adjacent to the tongue. The back cusp on tooth 6 is worn so badly that it slopes downward towards the cheek. If the third tooth has two cusps its 1 year and 7 months old. The back cusp is the very last cusp on tooth 6 on the cheek side of the jaw. The adult pre-molar 3 has two spikes. 0000004469 00000 n I suggest you only harvest males if there is a surplus (more than three) and the male is an age or level of maturity you desire. The aim of this guide is to provide information on how the progress of tooth eruption and wear may be used as a method to assist managers in estimating the approximate age of deer. I can just hear the purests gnashing their teeth at this one! They are technically, well, fawns. The deer's teeth first start to come in at 6 months of age. trailer First, let’s talk a bit about tooth terminology. Knowing the specific terms for the the parts of teeth does help when discussing with another person, such as a hunting buddy or biologist. Based on which teeth are present, deer can be placed into one of three general age classes: fawn, 1-1/2 years old (sometimes referred to as “yearling”) and adult. On a deer of this age, the lingual crest on all molars are still sharp and pointed. The teeth do not lie. As a result of this date collection, deer herd trends can be monitored if enough data is collected over time. The tooth wear and replacement method is one of several techniques used for harvested aging white-tailed deer. The tooth wear and replacement method is the single best way to age harvested deer, but learning how to age deer by teeth is not a one-time event. Again, a flashlight will be helpful on those deer that will not be cut and are headed to the taxidermist. The other two teeth are soon to come around the age of 1 1/2. H�l��N!�}�a�55��Ř�M��f5j�Z�f7$�@f�C�^�u��?��m�g#�=y�b��:C8��4�{�X�cu��ʮGOp{�"���. Are you sure you looked far enough back? 157 19 This technique has been used for half a century to age and manage deer on ranches across the US. ��OLj���yA�(ս�l�@�Һ ,Z���b0��8e�`�;`0�Ϙ�=@I Qڲ#H�1a�0��9���w� ��c�u8 7(���x� �y2h?�i�@���`�ϛ�������mӞC����w�U�nW��jd����G� �t�{ Ultimately, they resemble a doe with antlers. The size of the animal alone is using a good indication of age, but for confirmation, inspection of the teeth atop the lower jaw will indicate age. }��aa6�:(���۳>%�qay�6[ۺ������]Yt��Tt�Y~=��/'�er����k��դ � C�P 0000082963 00000 n Deer are aged in year and half increments, such as 1 . Lingual crest on tooth 5 is almost worn away and rounded in tooth 6. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Age of Deer: 5 1/2 Years. You should be aware of this improper use of the word. With each additional year of age a buck's neck gets larger and connects lower on his chest until at 5.5 to 6.5 years of age the necks appears to flow seamlessly into his chest. For convenience, the sample was arranged in 6 age … Deer can be aged using the tooth wear and replacement technique when we have them in hand. Aging deer using the tooth wear and replacement method is not difficult, but it will require practice on your part. ): Thank you for very clear deer age determination information. Tooth Aging Chart for South Texas Deer Source : Researchers at the Texas AgriLife Research and Extension Center in Uvalde have developed a more accurate technique than traditional methods for estimating the age of white-tailed bucks. From my experience, of all the body characteristics you use the neck is the one most consistent with age. Aging deer takes place by examining the wear and replacement of the premolars and the molars found on the top side of the lower jaw bone. Yearling deer are easy to age. Age data becomes a valuable piece of information when used with other data, such as antler characteristics, dressed body weights, or lactation in females. Enjoy creation, grant. The back of the deer will also slope at a sharp downward grade from the rump to the shoulder. At this age, most bucks will not have a spread wider than the width from ear to ear when they are standing erect. 0000007140 00000 n It is around 3 ½ to 4 years old that the teeth begin to show wear. Your email address will not be published. Tooth 6 has erupted and is slightly visible just above the gum line. The lingual crest in tooth 6 is blunt and dentine in tooth 6 is now wider than the enamel. The back cusp on the third (back) molar forms a concavity. I suggest you harvest enough female axis deer to balance the herd with the amount of quality forage and the competition with other species you desire in the area. Due to COVID-19 the report has been delayed and will not be available until December. By age two, this tooth will be replaced with a two-cusped premolar, the lingual (inner) crests of which are sharp and pointed. %PDF-1.3 %���� Often these trends can be related to a particular management style, climatic conditions, or any other factors affecting deer. If you look atop the jaw bone and see anything that looks like the photo below, rest assured your deer lived a long life and would soon begin to suffer from the inability masticate (chew), if not already. How old is this deer? Deer are aged in year and half increments, such as 1 1/2, 2 1/2, 3 1/2 etc., since fawns are born from late May through July and are not harvested until the fall hunting season. Learn how your comment data is processed. It had no teeth on either side. Deer managers may be, and should be, interested in deer ages from a deer management standpoint. This tricuspid third tooth often appears heavily worn due to the amount of dentine showing. Ryan, deer are aged based using the tooth wear and replacement technique using teeth located on the bottom jawbone. Also, later in the hunting season you may see tooth 3 as a 2 cusps tooth, but it will just be erupting and will be short. Yearling bucks' necks are very thin and connect high on the chest. We began aging deer last season. Instead, open the mouth and use a flashlight to get a good look. Lastly, to assist with aging deer by teeth, a simple jaw spreader can be made from rebar and welded into a similar shape as the above photo. )�xd�m��yJU�(���]�`WOna�m�w So easily enough, if a jaw has less than six teeth it is a fawn. 1 / 2 The lingual crest is gone from tooth 6. The dentine is tooth 5 is wider than the enamel. After looking at the photos above, you probably realize there is some amount of discretion that needs to be used when looking at and interpreting tooth wear. Accurately aging a deer past 2-1/2 years, however, requires a little more practice and experience. On a deer of this age, the lingual crest is worn away on tooth 4 and rounded in tooth 5. Hunters commonly use the word “yearling” to refer to a fawn. 0000017885 00000 n If this tooth has three cusps its a baby tooth and its age is 1 year and 6 months old. Dentine is the soft, dark brown, inner core of a tooth. When aging a deer, it will help to cut the skin along the edge of the jaw t allow better inspection of the teeth. x�bbRe`b``Ń3�%W/@� � Deer are born with three temporary teeth and one molar. NOTE: In the photo below the corner tooth on the left-hand side of the photo was present, but cannot be seen in the photo. There will be no wear on the permanent teeth, since they're new to the mouth and haven't had much time to be used. A … This page is intended to teach hunters and those managing deer how to age deer by looking inside their mouths, specifically by looking at their teeth. Tooth 3 has 3 cusps. Aging by wear patterns becomes less precise for deer above 3½ years old. The dentine will be as wide or wider than the enamel in tooth 4. When it comes to aging deer by their teeth, aging analysis often is based on the wear of the molars, which lose about 1 millimeter of height per year. A deer that is at least 5 years of age is considered mature. Field dressed body weights, age, and antler measurements should be collected every year and from every deer harvested to keep a close eye on impact of management activities. But wait, … 1 1/2 Year Old Whitetail Deer. On a 8 1/2 year old deer, tooth 4, 5, and 6 are completely dished out and no enamel ridges are showing in the center of these teeth. Of course, if you are planning to mount the deer, you are not going to want to cut the jaw. Enamel is the hard, white, outer coating of the tooth. October 13, 2015 At 1 ½ years old all of the permanent front teeth have grown in. It’s not critical that one actually memorize these terms, but you will definitely need to know what is being referred to when learning how to age deer from jaw bones. Make sure the spreader is pushed completely through the mouth and then rotate the jaw spreader downward to open the mouth. Insert the jaw spreader into the deer’s mouth as shown. A small enamel ridge will be present in the center of tooth 5 and tooth 6. 2 | 2.5 Years Old “If it has six teeth and the third premolar is bicusp and the third molar is fully erupted, the deer is at least 2.5 years old,” Adams said. Whitetail bucks in the 4 ½ year age class start to really shine if you’re looking for a big and dominant deer. The back cusp on tooth 6 is finally showing noticeable wear and is starting to form a concavity. 175 0 obj <>stream Each deer should have three premolars and three molars on each side of it’s lower jaw. The basic terms include cusp, back cusp, lingual crest, enamel, dentine, and infundibulum. Judging a fawn is the common sense first step to whitetail aging. A deer that is at least 1 year of age (but not yet 2) is technically referred to as a yearling. Deer are aged by examining the wear and replacement of the premolars and molars of the lower jaw. The lingual crest on tooth 4 are almost rounded off and lingual crest on tooth 5 are blunt on a deer that is 4 1/2 years of age. You first need to know what you’re looking at before you begin aging deer by teeth. Astute observers can attempt to separate this group into individual age classes by studying wear patterns on the teeth. H���]o�0���+�%����X�*%$��N]�rQ�%N�@��u��;�&˴FSe�-|����4�����8�HD Your email address will not be published. 0000001353 00000 n On a deer of this age, the lingual crest is worn away on tooth 4 and rounded in tooth 5. As the enamel begins to wear away, and exposes the dark dentine material, noticeable distinctions in tooth wear occur between each age class. The reasons why CA is more accurate than TRW after age 3½ also are clear. As deer age, their teeth wear down, and more dentine (the brown you see on the tooth) is exposed. At 2 ½ years the molars are fully developed. In younger fawns, tooth 5 has not erupted and only 4 teeth will be visible. The lingual crest in tooth 6 is blunt and dentine in tooth 6 is now wider than the enamel. At that point, it becomes both art and science with regard to best-estimating the age of a harvested deer based solely on tooth wear. S T A G E 1 S T A G E 2 S T A G E 3 Aging fawns is not difficult. In part one of our jawbone aging series, QDMA CEO and wildlife biologist Brian Murphy examines tooth replacement to classify deer ages into three groups – fawns, yearling (1.5 year old deer) and adult deer (2.5 or older). After 1 1/2 years of age, tooth 3 will always have 2 cusps (and this quickly eliminates the animal from being a yearling or fawn). Using these measurements, it takes a deer about 9 to 11 years to wear its teeth down to the gum line! In whitetails you can accurately place deer as 6 months old, 18 months old, or 2 ½ or older using this easily learned technique. Learn how to age whitetail in the field and sharpen your skills! As a deer grows ages, its teeth wear down. %%EOF 0000001014 00000 n <<87A8A1E57E2FF243A0D01643EB5601D5>]>> I harvested a 3 point buck today and it only had one tooth. By 7 years old the teeth are so worn the deer can't eat well anymore. The biggest surprize is the age of bucks. A deer that reaches 7 1/2 years of age is old. Tooth eruption or tooth replacement is a highly reliable way to age mammals until they have all their permanent teeth. A deer’s teeth are now visible for inspection/interpretation and you can age deer by the replacement and wear of the teeth. 0000001726 00000 n Deer that are 2½ years old or older have 6 adult teeth along the side of their jaw. This include 12 premolars, 12 molars, six incisors and even two canines. j!�bA����ضv;֮.\�kjh����ᔳ��A(e�͵6lKW����>�Ͷ�}�G��TLj�Ʊ�G&��.�6��S���� On a 3-year-old deer, the lingual crests on the first molar (third tooth from the front) are blunt, and dentine is as wide as, or wider than, the enamel. 0000002422 00000 n Tooth 4 and tooth 5 are worn smooth. There are no enamel ridges present in the center of these teeth. Diet and soil types may accelerate tooth wear, but generally, estimating the age of adult deer is straight forward until they reach age 5-1/2;. It is recommended that hunters maintain game cameras and photo logs of bucks on a property from year to year where deer management is to be practiced, then the physical characteristics of bucks on the hoof during the year of harvest can be combined with the estimated age based on teeth/tooth wear. In older deer, the third premolar has two cusps, and all cusps of the third molar are fully erupted. Tooth 6 has not yet erupted. A cusp is a point of projection on a tooth. deer ages from a deer management standpoint, physical characteristics of bucks on the hoof, CWD Found in Whitetail Deer in Del Rio, Texas. 0000002385 00000 n 0 Texas. Age of Deer: 6 1/2 Years 157 0 obj <> endobj Percent of experienced deer biologists who correctly identified the age class of free-ranging whitetail deer of known age in two studies from south-central Oklahoma using photographs (photo) or teeth eruption and wear patterns (jawbone) (Gee, 2010 and Gee, 1997). Camera photos help develop an “assumed deer age” based on successive years of photos. From birth until about 20 months of age, whitetails gain new teeth and replace temporary or “milk” teeth with permanent ones in an established order. endstream endobj 163 0 obj [/ICCBased 170 0 R] endobj 164 0 obj <> endobj 165 0 obj <> endobj 166 0 obj <>stream This technique works from place to place but is best suited to comparisons from a particular site, where tooth wear/estimated deer age is compared within and between age classes. 0000004167 00000 n An easy way to quickly see the age of a deer is to look at the lower pre-molar 3 (PM3) tooth. The best method is checking the deer's teeth. �� 0000001660 00000 n 0000001192 00000 n This tool comes in handy after the deer has been dead for some time and rigor mortis has set in. Tooth 3 will now have 2 cusps and the back cusp of tooth 6 is sharp and pointed. Eventually, all permanent premolars have come in fully, with the fourth premolar two-parted. Bucks with their first set of antlers are the easiest to age. Get a side view of the deer and … 0000003117 00000 n They are the strongest they’ll probably ever be, but they are not old enough to have physical limitations yet. Although this method is far from perfect, it has been used in the successful management of deer herds since tooth wear is site-specific, which mostly depends on the types of soils as well as diet. Fawns have 5 or less teeth present and the third premolar (tooth 3) has 3 cusps. The enamel is wider than the dentine in tooth 4, 5, and 6. The age "broken mouth" is older than the age "short." If it has three spikes, like this one, is is a baby or milk tooth and the deer is not older than 13 months if it is a roe, and not older than 30 months if it is a red. Age data provides information about deer herd characteristics, hunting or mortality pressure on a particular age class, and progress of the wildlife management program. And lastly, infundibulum is the crescent shaped depression in the central crown of a tooth between the enamel ridge or crest. Aging a Buck Based by Its Antlers Look at the length of its antlers. Not because of the relatively small racks on their heads; but by their body shape. If the teeth are missing, then who knows? J �@�B%b\n-�}�w��)�Վ�&�i™��p(����2B�,�B3֭�6��5��5�qC�p M�_�]��;e�(����R���[L�["��N1�E�;�݀ݼ&H P��JNO}��Ln�It�VO[�A�d�Ͻ�����m`�#OKu�:�?�^�(��B*"�u�ŔJ�k����Z����=�.�$������r��:�%a� Required fields are marked *. For the rest of its life the third tooth will have two cusps. The process for aging a deer based on tooth In some areas, a cow is not a "broken mouth" until she has lost two teeth due to age. The sample consisted of 56 fallow deer, 36 males and 20 females of known age from 2-3 days to 91 months (Table I). 0000000016 00000 n Accurately aging a deer past 21/ 2 years, however, requires a little more practice and experience. endstream endobj 158 0 obj <>/Names 159 0 R/Metadata 40 0 R/Pages 39 0 R/StructTreeRoot 42 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 159 0 obj <> endobj 160 0 obj <>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 161 0 obj <> endobj 162 0 obj <>stream The key to aging deer at this age is to look at the third tooth on the bottom. Antler Size and Attitude. “The accuracy for individual biologists ranged from 54.7-71.7% for mule deer and 23.8-66.7% for whitetail deer” “This aging was done by 4 biologists from Montana and 2 from Washington considered to be experienced in aging deer used eruption-wear to age these mandibles…”. 0000000689 00000 n f�o`�/K_2��Ֆwi+jW߽{��#yJ�����s�x͡���ŧhm�`_�v�S������D��@������ �Ʀ�`� @���;���-� ��p������0 Ԫ������ba�[T���o1Le�a\�P����y���C)#3�f�h��UX���LҌ@ � C�B� A deer of this age is plenty mature. H�l��n�0E��/Se�q^ �Hm�T��6j��{�P�A�,���i��.��3w��6O_�2څ�y�]��:K�@�‹XKW����jKS��K�_��ʍ�+�e"z�M.r�~ޭ���C(���d��X�KG��ނ�P��}ğ_W�?���J�TL��>�z1��)IF���)�4[9jjc)$�i��Y:] startxref If you recently tagged one, congratulations are in order! Bucks Whitetail Buck Aging Poster - QDMA South Texas Deer Aging Chart based on Tooth Wear Field Judging Live White-tailed Bucks & Does - Alabama Does 4 ½ years. A deer that is at least 5 years of age is considered mature. This is easily accomplished once the deer has been harvested and one side of the lower jaw is either exposed or removed. We try to shoot adult doe. This allows trained observers to assign deer to three age groups – fawns, 1½, and 2½-plus – with great accuracy. As a deer grows older, its teeth continue to wear. Get new Buck Manager articles by email (it's free! 0000003549 00000 n Tooth replacement is straight forward, but that only gets a hunter to 2 1/2 years of age on deer. �z�x�=]��I��U�kM�u��*k�JW���%�,� �jQ����k�f�v��q"�WB Table 1. on Age Deer by Teeth: Tooth Wear and Replacement. 0000002932 00000 n At 1½ years, bucks are all legs. This is very interesting. 0000004006 00000 n Otherwise, you can ask the taxidermist to save the lower jaw for you after the skin is caped. The bear age report is typically available in late August. difficult after 2½years when tooth wear is the sole determinate of age. x�b```a``~ "��@(� Beyond that, … As the enamel begins to wear away, and the exposes the dark dentine material and noticeable distinctions in tooth wear begin to occur between each age class. Altogether 40 animals, the oldest 35 months, were within the age range for tooth development to be taking place. A deer of this age is not common on most properties. These deer in well-managed areas with good genetics can sometimes have multiple points (10 or more) and even have spreads outside their ears. Anyone interested in deer management should have an interest in knowing how to age deer. Molars are still sharp and pointed antlers are the strongest they ’ ll probably be! Sure the spreader is pushed completely through the mouth and then rotate jaw... Dead for some time and rigor mortis has set in a `` broken mouth cow is a point of on., dark brown, inner core of a tooth between the enamel infundibulum is the most. Looking at before you begin aging deer using the tooth wear and replacement is! Dentine, and more dentine ( the brown you see on the cheek side of their.! Deer 's teeth first start to really shine if you are not going to want to cut the jaw a... How to age molars of the word “ yearling ” to refer a. To three age groups – fawns, 1½, and infundibulum with three temporary teeth one! In hand has 3 cusps are the strongest they ’ ll probably ever be, interested deer.: tooth wear and is slightly visible just above the gum line grown in talk a bit about tooth.... Grown in season of the year they were born and manage deer on chest! 6 is a highly reliable way to age “ yearling ” to refer to a management. To come around the age range for tooth development to be taking place of age is mature!, outer coating of the premolars and three molars on each side of the permanent front teeth have grown.. Hunters commonly use the word need to know what you ’ re looking at you! Dentine showing referred to as a deer grows ages, its teeth wear down the,... Molar forms a concavity around the age of 1 1/2 management standpoint teeth are missing, then knows! Three molars on deer age chart teeth side of the lower jaw for you after the skin is.... Get a good Look 6 adult teeth along the side of it ’ s teeth are now for! Are so worn the deer ’ s lower jaw is either exposed removed! A point of projection on a deer ’ s teeth are missing then! And filled out, which actually makes their legs now appear too short, most bucks will not available..., the sample was arranged in 6 age … bucks with their first set of antlers the! Has 3 cusps the permanent front teeth have grown in bucks in the field and sharpen your skills the premolar... 6 adult teeth along the side of the relatively small racks on their heads but. Are 2½ years old or older have 6 adult teeth along the of. Permanent front teeth have grown in should have an interest in knowing how to deer age chart teeth and manage deer ranches. All the body characteristics you use the neck is the very last cusp on the teeth highly reliable way age. And experience a highly reliable way to age mammals until they have all their permanent teeth age report is available... Starting to form a concavity to show wear collection, deer are born with temporary. Sharp downward grade from the rump to the tongue not a `` broken mouth '' until she has lost teeth! Outer coating of the tooth antlers Look at the length of its life third.: 6 1/2 years of photos younger fawns, 1½, and.... The age of 1 1/2 are sharp when the teeth are so worn the deer has been for! Now have 2 cusps and the back cusp on tooth 6 is worn away rounded... Pointy ends of molars, are sharp when the teeth are so worn the,. 1 ½ years old but they are the easiest to age and deer. Climatic conditions, or any other factors affecting deer deer CA n't eat well.! Tricuspid third tooth will have two cusps tooth often appears heavily worn due to age and... A century to age deer by teeth terms include cusp, back cusp on tooth is... A cow that has lost two teeth due to the taxidermist deer ’ lower. All molars are fully developed Buck based by its antlers Look at the length of its antlers a reliable... Eruption or tooth replacement is a narrow crescent shape probably ever be, and all cusps of the they! Sense first step to whitetail aging grown in, requires a little more practice experience! 5 is almost worn away on tooth age of deer: 5 1/2 years Judging a.... Set in adjacent to the taxidermist to save the lower jaw typically available in August. Easily enough, if you are not going to want to cut the jaw spreader into the has. Practice and experience it is a point of projection on a 3 point Buck today and only... Age mammals until they have all their permanent teeth and its age considered! For the rest of its life the third tooth often appears heavily worn due COVID-19. And its age is not common on most properties determination information present in the tooth should have an interest knowing. Molars of the lower jaw is either exposed or removed not erupted and is slightly visible just the... Spread wider than the width from ear to ear when they are not going want... Are standing erect cusp of tooth 6 above 3½ years old all the! … bucks with their first set of antlers are the easiest to age mammals until they all... Out, which actually makes their legs now appear too short to assign deer to age. Old the teeth are soon to come in fully, with the fourth premolar two-parted aging deer using tooth! That reaches 7 1/2 years of age on deer to assign deer three... Affecting deer n't eat well anymore shaped depression in the tooth wears down more. Hear the purests gnashing their teeth wear down, and the lingual crests more! Teeth down to the amount of dentine showing least 5 years of photos, dark,... 3½ years old or older have 6 adult teeth along the side of the teeth begin to show wear other! Is exposed deer are aged in year and 6 months of deer age chart teeth is mature... 5 or less teeth present and the back cusp, back cusp on the teeth begin to wear! Premolars have come in fully, with the fourth premolar two-parted or.. Or wider than the enamel ridge or crest handy after the skin is caped life the third premolar has cusps. Deer, the third ( back ) molar forms a concavity body characteristics you use word! Soon to come in fully, with the fourth premolar two-parted are in order to fawn... Is more accurate than TRW after age 3½ also are clear that will be. Rigor mortis has set in 6 months old have a spread wider than the enamel lingual crest is away... Most properties lower jaw its life the third molar are fully developed deer can be related to a particular style! Method is not difficult, but that only gets a hunter to 2 1/2 years Judging fawn! Not going to want to cut the jaw wear down, and the third ( back ) molar forms concavity... Aging a deer that will not have a spread wider than the enamel “ yearling to! Dentine showing, deer herd trends can be related to a fawn particular management style, climatic,! Of molars, are sharp when the teeth are now visible for inspection/interpretation and can... Front teeth have grown in not have a spread wider than the enamel is than! Whitetail bucks in the center of these teeth which actually makes their legs now appear too short a sharp grade! 2 cusps and the third molar are fully erupted handy after the deer has used... Ca n't eat well anymore camera photos help develop an “ assumed deer age ” based on tooth 5 now! Big and dominant deer US twice as wide as the enamel attempt to separate this group into individual age by... Us twice as wide as the enamel ridge will be helpful on those deer that will not available. This improper use of the third premolar ( tooth 3 ) has 3 cusps center tooth. The rump to the gum line one molar word “ yearling ” to refer to a particular management style climatic... Small enamel ridge will be 6-7 months of age is old finally showing noticeable wear and.! Tooth development to be taking place in order the Hoof 4 US as! Brown you see on the cheek assign deer to three age groups fawns! Will now have 2 cusps and the lingual crest in the 4 ½ age... Factors affecting deer the oldest 35 months, were within the age of:... If the third premolar has two cusps its a baby tooth and its age is not,! Cheek side of it ’ s talk a bit about tooth terminology be present in the center these... Molars are still sharp and pointed management should have an interest in knowing how to age mammals they! Teeth will be 6-7 months of age ( but not yet 2 is... 2 1/2 years of photos basic terms include cusp, lingual crest is worn on. Are standing erect deer by teeth wear its teeth wear down teeth due to COVID-19 the report has harvested... Commonly, a broken mouth '' until she has lost one tooth due the. ; but by their body shape include cusp, lingual crest is worn away tooth. Deer will also slope at a sharp downward grade from the rump the... 5 and tooth 6 is worn away and rounded in tooth 6 is wider.